Monday, June 24, 2019

5 Home Projects That Are Best Left To Professionals

If you’re remodeling your house, there must be a number of things you want to change about it. And if you want your house to be a particular way, you might think that it’s always better to make these changes yourself. But remember, you are still an amateur and some things are better left to the professionals.

Professionals are called so for a reason.  They survey your house, understand your requirements, negotiate the price, and most importantly they get the work done according to your tastes and preferences. They make even the toughest work look effortless. Needless to say, for the following home improvement activities, hire a professional.


  • Plumbing

Plumbers have a lot of experience up their sleeve and they usually carry out their work flawlessly. But mind, if you ever get so adventurous and try plumbing by yourself, there is a definite chance that you might end up flooding your house. Remember plumbing is no child’s play. One wrong move and it can bring down your house, literally!




  • Electrical Work

Flipping a fuse switch and checking for faulty wiring is hardly the same thing. Electrical work is pretty serious business and there are more things that can go wrong than right, if you don’t know what you are doing. You obviously don’t want to electrocute yourself or your family members, right? That’s exactly what could happen. This work requires precision and most of all, a license.


  • Tree Removal

This is no joke. You might think that you are well-equipped to uproot a few trees, but this clearly is not your stage to rock. Even hardened pros can go wrong with this process. Tree cutting and removal is a dangerous task and professionals have a lot of training that they have racked up for majority of their life. So it’s better to stay away from this as it also requires dangling from extreme heights with dangerous tools.




  • Water Proofing Your House

Seen many water proofing home videos on YouTube or random DIY sites in your time? Think you got what it takes to go about waterproofing your house single hand? You really won’t be able to pull it off. This is another area where you should stay away from, as this process is both time consuming and confusing.


  • Flooring

How hard can laying some tiles or spreading carpet across your living room be? Pretty easy right? Wrong! You will need precision equipment to cut through the tiles or the carpets to the exact length as required. Also these things take a lot of hard work so it wouldn't help if you fizzle out while doing it.



It only takes a fair amount of cash to get this work done. As enthusiastic as you are, hiring a professional will save you so much trouble, tension, and time.


Yogendra is a content strategist at commonfloor.com. He is knowledgeable and familiar with the Indian real estate market. He blogs on Indian real estate properties, news, price trends, home decor, home loans, etc.

Monday, June 17, 2019

Power of Attorney in India

Author: Sachin Gupta | Find me on Twitter

Power of Attorney is used in many real estate transactions in India. In fact, there are instances when people opt for Power of Attorney instead of the property registration to save on exorbitant property stamp duty and registration charges.

The literal definition of Attorney is ‘a person, typically a lawyer, appointed to act for another in business or legal matters’. Therefore, in real estate transactions, a typical Power of Attorney would mean one person authorizing another person to act on his/her behalf as a legal representative to make binding legal and financial decisions. The person who gives Power of Attorney is known as donor or Principal, while the person who receives the Power of Attorney is known as Agent or holder.

In Delhi, many real estate transactions take place on ‘Power of Attorney’. Since property circle rates in Delhi are extremely high, therefore, there are people who opt for Power of Attorney to save on stamp duty and registration charges. However, there are risks attached to such transactions in case the Agent or holder does not discharge his/her duties accurately and honestly. For example, if the Agent or holder defaults on EMIs on a given property, then, the Principal’s property may be taken over by the authorized bodies by issuing a SARFAESI notice and auctioned for recovery of dues.

More on Power of Attorney can be found below:




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Monday, June 10, 2019

Typical Property Registration Process in India

Author: Sachin Gupta | Find me on Twitter

Buying or leasing a property requires that one has to go to through the process of registration at district’s Registrars/Sub-registrar’s office. Under Section 28 of the Registration Act, documents relating to immovable property should be registered in the office of Sub-Registrar of sub-district within which the entire or some portion of the property is situated.  Under Section 30(1), a Registrar is empowered to accept a document which can be registered with the Sub-Registrar who is his subordinate.

Any property that is sold, bought or rented, under certain circumstances, requires to be registered inclusive of:

  1. A valuable sale or purchase of immovable property.
  2. If a property is rented for a period of more than 11 months, then the agreement needs to be registered.



Buyer and seller of a property enter into a sale agreement. This sale agreement typically defines the guidelines and conditions that govern the sale of an immovable property. The sale agreement will also include the details of buyer and seller, property details, location, price, payment structure. Once the sale agreement has been created and signed by both the parties, then this agreement is registered with the registrar according to India’s registration act of 1908.

Once the sale agreement is registered with the registrar, the buyer will also have to pay the applicable stamp duty. Find more about stamp duty and registration charges in various states across India.

Here we present the step by step procedure for registration of property. The procedure remains same whether you buy the property from an individual or from a real estate developer.





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Monday, June 3, 2019

Understanding interest rates and its impact on home buying decision!

Author: Sachin Gupta | Find me on Twitter
 
Buying a home has always been a cherished dream for an individual. The very thought of staying within the four walls that belong to you is very enthralling. The home that one owns provides not only the physical comfort but also emotional and psychological security which, in turn facilitate peace in life.

The dream of purchasing a home has remained intact; what has changed over the years though is age profile of buyers. Not long ago, purchasing a home would be a reality when a middle class man is on the verge of retirement. His life- long saving could be barely enough to finance the coveted asset. The balance could be pooled in by relatives and friends.  However, the time has changed now. Thanks to the wave of financial reforms and robust banking sector today. A young man out from the college and grabbing a promising job will soon be found to survey the real estate market to book a house.

The relationship between the financial sector and real estate today is complementary in nature even though the banks may be viewed as having upper hand in terms of being fund providers. It would not be an exaggeration to assume that majority of the transactions in the real estate market in India is being financed by bank loans. In such situations where bank loans have gained so much of importance in our lives, it becomes a necessity to understand the nuances attached with them.

Interest Rate:

A home loan seeker is confronted with a myriad of jargon. The most common and yet the most critical among them all is interest rate. Understanding interest rate and impact of its movement on the loan amount is crucial in making an informed decision.

Interest, to put it simply, is a kind of fee charged by lender of funds from the borrower. This fee or the interest may be computed at a “fixed” or “variable/floating” rate. So, if Rahul takes a loan of Rs. One Lac from a bank for period of one year at a rate of interest of 10%, it means he needs to refund Rs.1, 10,000/- at the expiry of one year (Rs. One Lac is the principal amount and Rs.10, 000/- is the interest).

Eligibility to avail home loans:

Banks and Housing Finance Companies are cautious when they lend. There are certain prudential norms which they follow while sanctioning a home loan. One of them is that the bank would restrict its exposure up to 80% of the value of the asset in respect of residential house property subject to the eligibility of the buyer. How the eligibility is determined and what role level of interest rate plays are interesting aspects to discuss.

In a typical home loan application, a bank would consider the following while determining the maximum amount of loan that can be sanctioned:

  1. Gross Salary/month
  2. Net Salary/month
  3. Value of property 


An example:

Let’s take an illustration. Amit, a young software engineer in his mid twenties wishes to buy a house in Delhi NCR. He zeroes in on a property in Noida. The description of property is as follows:


  • Builder: Sky Builder
  • Area of Flat: 1000 Sq. Feet
  • Rate/Sq. Feet (All inclusive): Rs.5000/-
  • Payment Plan: Construction linked 
  • Construction Period: 2 years 


Equipped with such information, the bank would put a threshold limit of Rs.40 Lac (Rs.50 Lac X 80%) on the loan amount that can be sanctioned against the property. Now it needs to evaluate eligibility of Amit based on his income profile. Banks make such evaluation on the basis of their own criteria which may differ from bank to bank. However, as a general rule, banks consider around 40-45% of net salary of an individual to be needed to service EMI.

The following example shows eligibility of Amit in three interest rates scenarios.  It has been assumed that in all three situations, Amit’s salary remains same and there is no change in any variable except in interest rate. In situation-I, where the interest rate is 10.50%p.a., Amit’s loan eligibility works out to be Rs.40 Lac. This is a perfect situation for him as he needs Rs.40 lac only and the maximum amount that the bank is ready to disburse is also Rs.40 lac. However, the situation is not so comfortable when there is a spike in the interest rate from 10.50% to 11.50% p.a. (situation-III).  Keeping the EMI amount almost at same level, there is a decline in the loan eligibility amount to the extent of Rs.2.55 Lac. The reason is simple. Given the hike in the interest rates and no corresponding increase in the income level of the individual, the banks would like to maintain their risk exposure at existing level. Hence, there is a reduction in the loan amount. A decline in the interest rates would be a spurt for the banks to increase the loan eligibility. This however is subject to overall ceiling with respect to asset value.



EMI:

Interest rate movements also cause substantial variability in the EMI that we pay. The table below is quite self-explanatory:


Hope this time when news channels flash the story of how RBI Governor is contemplating to tinker with the interest rates in its monetary policy review, you would not be so clueless about its probable impact on your home loan.  So watch out for it with the analyst in you.


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