Wednesday, June 3, 2020

HRA Exemption, Rent Deduction and Tax Benefits for Home Loan in India

Author: Sachin Gupta | Find me on Twitter

Many a times, we are all confused with tax calculations on House Rent Allowance (HRA) and tax benefits on home loan, etc. Believe it or not, planning your HRA carefully can go a long way in your financial planning and therefore studying and understanding the various guidelines related to HRA is paramount for a salaried class and a business person.

  • HRA Exemption:

According to section 10 (13A) of Income Tax Act, 1961 read with rule 2A of Income Tax Rules, least of following three is exempt from tax:

  1. Actual HRA received 
  2. Rent paid in excess of 10% of salary (Basic + DA) 
  3. 40% of salary (50% if residing in a metro i.e., New Delhi, Kolkata, Chennai or Mumbai) Salary for the above purpose means BASIC + DA.

Let’s take an example. 
Suppose that you’re residing in Mumbai and paying a rent of Rs 20,000 per month and that your salary package comprises of the following: 
  1. Basic — Rs. 50,000 per month
  2. DA — Nil 
  3. HRA — Rs. 20,000 per month (40% of basic)

Now, the exempted amount of HRA will be least of the following three figures: 
  1. HRA received i.e., Rs. 20,000 
  2. Rent above 10% of basic i.e., Rs. 15,000 (Rs. 20,000 – Rs. 5,000) 
  3. 50% of basic i.e., Rs. 25,000
The least of the three is Rs 15,000; therefore, in this particular case you’re entitled for HRA tax exemption of Rs. 15,000 p.m. (per month) out of total HRA received of Rs. 20,000 per month.

In other words, net taxable portion of the HRA works out to be Rs 60000/- per year. 
net taxable portion of the HRA = Total HRA received per year – HRA Tax exempt per year
                                                    = (HRA received per year Rs 240000/-) - (HRA tax exempt per year Rs 180000/-)
                                                   =Rs. 60000 per year

There are four variables in HRA tax calculations namely, salary (i.e. basic pay plus DA), HRA received, rent paid and the city of residence (whether metro or non-metro). In case all of the four elements remain same throughout the year, the HRA tax exemption calculation is to be done on ‘annual’ basis. On the other hand, if there is a change in any of the variable during the year then HRA tax exemption calculation is to be done on monthly basis.

In case the place/city of residence and place/city of working is different, for the purpose of HRA calculation, place of residence will be considered and not place of working. Suppose that you’re working in a factory or a company located in Meerut (near New Delhi) while residing in New Delhi. So, for the purpose of HRA, your maximum entitlement for tax purpose will be 50% of the basic instead of 40% because for metros HRA tax entitlement is 50% and for non-metros it is 40%.

If the employer refuses to allow the HRA tax benefit, then in that case just claim it while filing your return of income and get the refund of excess TDS deducted from your salary. Further with effect from AY 2014-15 a person claiming HRA of more than INR 100000/- will have to submit the PAN of the landlord to claim the exemption. 

Both the working spouses can claim HRA tax benefit separately, if both of them are paying rent and landlord issues either two separate rent receipts or only one receipt specifying the amount or proportion paid by each, then both husband and wife are entitled for HRA exemption according to the amount of rent paid. 

One can avail tax benefit of HRA if the person is living in the house of his/her parents. In such a case, one will be entitled for HRA tax exemption, but the owner of the house who may be the father/mother is assessable for the rental income derived from the house, provided such transaction should be genuine & not with an intention to evade tax. However tax benefit of HRA will not be available if one is living in the house of his/her spouse as no commercial transactions can occur between Husband & wife.

  • Deduction for Rent Paid

A self-employed person can claim tax benefit for the rent paid for his residence and can claim a deduction under section 80GG of the income tax act. As the self-employed person doesn't receive any salary, so there is no HRA and consequently question of HRA exemption – under section 10 (13A) of Income Tax Act, 1961 read with rule 2A of Income Tax Rules –doesn't arise.

As far as home loans are concerned following tax benefits are available to the tax payer:
  1. Tax benefit on principal repayment under Section 80C – Repayment of Housing Loan subject to maximum limit of INR 100000/-. (Maximum deduction under section 80C is INR 100000/-).
  2. Tax benefit on interest payment under Section 24(a) & (b). For self occupied property INR 150000/- and for let out property or deemed to be let out property there is no monetary limit to for interest payments.

  • Claiming both HRA and Home Loan Tax benefit
You can Claim both HRA and Home Loan Tax benefit provided you have a house in one city for which you have taken a home loan and you reside in another city due to work or similar reasons, then you are eligible to avail all the benefits including HRA, tax benefits on principal repayment of home loan and tax benefit on interest payments of home loan. But, if your house is vacant then you still have to pay notional rent income.

In this case the following situations will arise:

Your own house remains unoccupied while you stay in any other accommodation due to employment/business/profession reasons.  You may stay at a place – it may be a different city or a different location within the same city - different from the place where your own house is situated.  

  • Rented accommodation – You are paying rent:  In this case, you can claim HRA tax exemption while your house will lose the status of self-occupied property and will be treated as deemed to be let out, and thus its notional rental income will be taxable in your hands. However you'll get all the housing loan tax benefits i.e. both interest deduction u/s 24(b) and principal repayment under section 80C.

  • Non-rented accommodation i.e., you're not paying rent as the rent is not being paid, the question of HRA tax exemption does not arise. However, your house will be treated as self-occupied and you'll get the housing loan tax concessions i.e. interest deduction under section 24 and deduction for principal repayment under section 80C. 

In a nutshell, if you have a house, either stay in it or rent it out. Don't leave it vacant else notional rental income of your house (even if it is the only house you own) becomes taxable in your hands although you continue to get the interest deduction on housing loan u/s 24(b) and deduction for principal repayment of loan u/s 80C. Furthermore, as regards the HRA, you will be getting the tax exemption under section 10(13A) so long as you are staying in a rented accommodation and actually making the rent payment, irrespective of whether you are having your own house(s) or not.

Have any Questions?

Tuesday, May 26, 2020

What should I do if the builder has delayed the housing project or the delivery is not as stated in the builder buyer agreement?

Author: Sachin Gupta | Find me on Twitter

Hello, and very warm greetings for Diwali. During the past one week, our team spent time meeting with some of the customers, readers, real estate consultants. During our interaction with customers, we noticed that most of them were frustrated with the construction progress of their homes which they have booked with real estate developers. Recently, a study published by PropEquity also showed the fact that construction progress is slow and many a residential projects will be delayed considerably.

As we write this on Diwali, a festival of light and happiness, we believe, there is no point in getting frustrated with housing project delays or any other housing related issues. In fact, you should take solid steps to overcome your housing related challenges. We list few of them here:

1. Read the document carefully:
That’s right, even though you should have read the document carefully before signing the builder buyer agreement. You can still do it, read it now carefully. And look for penalty clauses which are stated in the agreement. Approach your developer and ask for the compensation as stated in the builder buyer agreement. Even though, this compensation will be pittance relative to what you would be paying to banks in form of EMIs. Still, claim it.

Also do not forget to check if there are any deviations in the project layout, project plan, size of the apartment, specifications, amenities, etc. If there are any deviations in any of these from what was stated in the builder buyer agreement then approach your builder and discuss the things in detail. Ask for compensation wherever applicable. If possible, take the help of your legal associates.

2. Form a group with other buyers:
Yes, you read it right. You are not the only one sailing in this boat. Visit the construction site on a regular basis and interact with other buyers who are visiting the site. Make a group and discuss the common issues and approach the builder. There is no better way of putting pressure on the developer than a group of buyers coming together. As a group, you can explore various options such as cancellation, shifting to other housing projects by the same developer which is nearing completion, legal action, etc.

3. Rate and review the project:
Now that you have thorough understanding of the real estate sector and ways of working of the property developers, share this with prospective buyers. You can easily rate and review your project at and alert the prospective buyers of the positives and negatives of a particular developer. Just like, you would like to read reviews for things such as cars, phones, etc. others are also interested in taking tips from you about the housing projects, real estate developers, etc. So, go for it.

4. Use social media:
Social media has enabled all of us in voicing our opinions and most brands whether big or small are always conscious of the fact that social media can make or break their position in the industry. Whatever you do, from forming groups to reviewing projects, keep sharing it on popular social media such as Facebook, Twitter, blog, and LinkedIn. In fact, you can always look to form groups on these social media channels as well.

5. Approach the relevant authority:
Once, you have a group of people who are facing the similar set of challenges as you. It makes sense to approach the relevant government authority. And recently, government of India has set up a Real Estate Regulatory Authority to protect consumer interests. Approach the authority for speedy adjudication of your disputes with the real estate developer.

Above all, be calm and keep discussing the issues within the group. With so many avenues for you to take recourse to, we are quite sure that you will be able to resolve your housing issues. Good luck!

Have any Questions?

Monday, May 18, 2020

Lease Agreement in India

Author: Sachin Gupta | Find me on Twitter

Leasing a property is a legal process wherein both Landlord and Lessee discharge their duties in accordance with the lease agreement. Lease agreement is prepared on a stamp paper and is duly signed by landlord and lessee in presence of 2 witnesses.

Lease agreement can also be registered at the local registrar office in India. Some leases such as the one for office space properties are registered at the local registrar office.

Here is a sample lease agreement:

Have any Questions?

Monday, May 11, 2020

How to calculate EMIs, Home Loan payments, home affordability, pre-payment of a loan in Microsoft Excel?

Author: Sachin Gupta | Find me on Twitter

Many a times, we have been inundated with queries such as how to calculate the Equated Monthly Installments (EMIs), what is the formula for checking the home affordability, what amount will I have to pay if I pre pay my home loan? These are basic yet important questions and therefore, understanding these concepts is crucial for real estate investment. Here we present the formulas in Microsoft Excel for you to calculate EMIs, Interest payments, home affordability, pre payment, changing the loan tenure.

Equated Monthly Installments (EMIs):
As the name suggests, EMIs are the monthly payments you will make for loan against property or any other thing.

Here is an example:
Loan Amount (Rs) - 100000
Interest Rate (%) - 11
Loan Tenure (Years) - 20

EMI (Rs) - 1032
Total Interest Payable (Rs) - 147725
Total of Payments (Principal + Interest) (Rs) - 247725

The formula for calculating EMI in excel is given below:
=PMT(rate, nper, pv, [fv], [type])
Rate = Interest Rate in percent, nper=Loan tenure in months, pv=present value or principal amount, fv=future value

During the EMI Calculations, leave out ‘fv’ and ‘type’ and fill in the other values.
=PMT((Interest Rate/12)%, Loan Tenure*12,- Loan Amount)
=PMT((11/12)%, 20*12,- 100000)
EMI = Rs. 1032

In this calculation, we divide interest rate by 12 to arrive at the monthly interest charged.

Interest that is paid on each EMI:
=IPMT(rate, per, nper, pv, [fv], [type])
IPMT – Interest paid for a given EMI
Rate – rate of interest
Per - The month for which you want to find the interest and must be in the range 1 to nper.
Nper- total number of months
Pv – present value or principal amount
Fv- future value
Type- optional

=IPMT((11/12)%, 1, 240, -100000)
=Rs. 916.67 (It means, on your first EMI of Rs 1032, the interest paid will be Rs 916.67)

=IPMT((11/12)%, 240, 240, -100000)
=Rs. 9.38 (It means, on your 240th EMI of Rs 1032, the interest paid will be Rs 9.38)

=IPMT((11/12)%, 200, 240, -100000)
=Rs. 322.15 (It means, on your 200th EMI of Rs 1032, the interest paid will be Rs 322.15)

Similarly, you can calculate for other monthly EMIs by just changing the ‘per’ value from 1 to 240

Total Interest paid during the tenure of the loan:
=CUMIPMT(rate, nper, pv, start_period, end_period, type)
=CUMIPMT((11/12)%, 240, 100000, 1, 240, 0)
=(Rs. 147725.21)

In our example, start period is 1 and end period is 240. You can also calculate the total interest paid say for a period of 13 to 228. In other words, how much interest did you pay from second year on-wards up to the end of 19th year.

=CUMIPMT((11/12)%, 240, 100000, 13, 228, 0)
=(Rs. 136089.79)

Home Affordability:
Home affordability is the measure of the value of the home that you can afford given your current household income. Detailed analysis of home affordability is given here.

Pre Payment or changing the tenure of the loan:
Suppose, you secured a home loan of Rs 100000 in 2008 and have paid 60 EMIs thus far. You have now decided to pre pay your entire loan amount. What will be the value that you will have to pay now? Here is the answer:
=IPMT(rate, per, nper, pv, [fv], [type])/rate
=IPMT((11/12)%, 61, 240, -100000)/ (11/12)%
=(Rs. 90813.93)

Similarly, you can calculate for any period. Say, for example, you have paid 88 EMIs and now want to pre pay the loan amount. Just replace the value of ‘per’ to 89 from 61.
=IPMT((11/12)%, 89, 240, -100000)/ (11/12)%
=(Rs. 84471.24)

Having arrived at the loan balance using the above formula, you can either pre pay the entire balance amount or reduce the tenure of the loan to arrive at new EMIs using the payment formula.
=PMT(rate, nper, pv, [fv], [type])


Have any Questions?

Monday, May 4, 2020

Land Development Process in India

Author: Sachin Gupta | Find me on Twitter

Land development:

  1. Acquisition of land with the intention of constructing utilities and surface improvements
  2. Reselling some or all of the developed sites to project developers or in case of housing to home builders.

Key criteria for land development business:

Before proceeding with the development, however, there must be evidence that the project is feasible or that market acceptance of the end-product (single family houses, offices, warehouses, etc.) is highly likely. This step is important even though the land developer may or may not be the developer of the final product. In other words, in the land development phase, the developer must anticipate and understand the demand for the final product (or products in the case of a mixed-use land development). For example, the economic drivers may alter the land use for residential, industrial, or for commercial developments such as Office Space in Gurgaon.

In residential land development, it is common to find firms specializing in the acquisition of raw land in suburban fringe areas and developing sites for single family detached units or for multiple uses, such as combinations of single family units, multifamily apartments and cluster housing.

Based on the market segment in which the end use will likely sell, the land developer
  1. Acquires land
  2. Develops a land use and traffic circulation plan
  3. Constructs streets, lighting, and subsurface improvements (utilities, drainage, sewage)
  4. The developer then subdivides individual sites, and sells smaller sites to builders and project developers.
  5. The developer may also retain some retail sites for later sale if the site has suitable highway frontage.
  6. The land developers usually stand ready to sell sites to other project developers as long as those project developers abide by the required development controls. These controls usually include construction of buildings of adequate quality, maintenance, landscaping, and so on. These controls are usually specified in deed restrictions and/or provisions in an agreement governing the operation of a business park owner’s association.
Important note: Land developers and builders or project developers may or may not be the same entities.

Feasibility study:
Many land development firms usually exist in a given urban market.
  1. They enter the market for raw land by contacting landowners or land brokers and obtaining information on tracts of land available for sale.
  2. These developers then engage consultants to conduct market studies to assess the demand for end use that would ultimately be developed and price ranges for each use.
  3. The developer then completes a preliminary land plan, estimates the land development cost, and analyzes whether the tract can be purchased and developed profitably.

General observation:

In many cases the developer is more of a facilitator of the development process than a firm that undertakes all necessary functions in the land development process. Many functions may be done by consulting firms (land planners, civil engineers, and landscape architects) and contractors (roads and utility construction companies). In these instances, the developer owns the land, obtains the necessary financing, and implements the overall development plan, but may not employ a staff that is directly involved in construction or design. The developer must also interact with public sector officials in obtaining various project approvals and changes in zoning when necessary, and then market sites to project developers and/or builders.

The land development process:
  • Acquisition of land – use of the option contract
The developer usually negotiates an option contract because it takes time to accomplish various tasks and activities prior to the decision to actually purchase the land. Some of these activities are:
Site inspection, preliminary market study, preliminary cost estimates, soil studies, engineering, feasibility, appraisal, and design strategy, bidding and/or negotiating with contractors, plan for public approvals, plan for financing.

Option periods can be very short (one month for small residential land development) or as long as 3 years or more (regional shopping centers)

  • Financing and development
When financing the land acquisition and development process, a number of structures may be available to the developer.
  1. The developer may purchase the land for cash. The developer may then obtain a loan for the cost of improvements and interest carry.
  2. The developer may purchase the land by making a down payment only. The seller finances all or a portion of the land sale by taking back a purchase-money mortgage from the developer. The developer then acquires a loan for improvements only. The seller of the land (mortgagee) agrees to subordinate the lien represented by the purchase-money mortgage to the development loan, and the developer repays the sellers’ mortgage from funds as parcels are sold and after payments on the development loan are made.
  3. The developer purchases the land by making a down payment and obtaining one loan based on a percentage of the appraised value of land plus improvements. The funds pay off the seller and construction improvements. 

An example showing the possible land development process in Haryana, India:

Land Development Process in Haryana
Land Development process in Haryana

Have any Questions?

Monday, April 27, 2020

What are the various kinds of risks involved in real estate investment? And what should you as an investor do to minimize those risks?

Author: Sachin Gupta | Find me on Twitter

Any kind of investment whether in Gold, property, stocks, bonds, etc. is subjected to certain risks. While Government securities are considered risk free, there is still some amount of risk involved in those. What if the government defaults as has happened in some of the EU nations? Consciously or unconsciously people do their risk analysis before making any investment. In this post, we will analyze the risks that are involved in real estate investment. Whether one is investing a small amount or substantial amount, going through this risk analysis will help you in foreseeing the potential risks that can creep in your real estate investments.

  • Business risk:

Property investors suffer due to fluctuations in economic activities that affect the variability of rental income generated by the property. Changes in economic conditions prevailing in the country often affect some properties more than others depending on the type of property, its location, and any existing leases. For commercial properties, particularly office space buildings, a property with a well diversified tenant mix is likely to be less subject to business investment risk. Lease deeds that provide the owner with protection against unexpected changes in expenses (e.g., with expense stops in the lease, or leases indexed to WPI, etc.) would have less business risk. Changes in the economic conditions also affect the residential property investors who are primarily looking for capital appreciation gains on the property. With economy slowing down, the capital yields goes drastically down as can be seen in the latest housing price index across many cities in India.

  • Financial risk:

The use of debt (financial leverage) magnifies the investment risk. Financial risk is directly proportional to the amount of debt taken to finance the purchase of property. Based on the prevailing interest rates, the financing costs may go up and eat into the income generated by the property. Financial risks affect both commercial and residential property investor due to the financial leverage. The cost of financing goes up or down depending on the economic situation and prevailing interest rates.

  • Liquidity risk:

This risk occurs when a continuous market with many buyers and sellers and frequent transactions is not available. The more difficult it becomes to sell a property, the greater the likelihood that owner will have to under-sell the property in order to dispose of the investment quickly. Sometimes, it can take from six months to a year or more to sell real estate income properties especially during period of weak demand. We have seen many cases in recent past when investors were forced to undersell because of slow property transactions across the country.

  • Inflation risk:

Unexpected inflation can reduce an investor’s rate of return if the income from the investment does not increase sufficiently to offset the impact of inflation. To overcome this risk, use of leases that allow the Net Operating Income to adjust with unexpected changes in inflation is applied. Higher inflation also eats into the capital gains that are sought by many housing investors.

  • Management risk:

The risk is based on the capability of the management and its ability to negotiate leases, respond to economic conditions, and operate/maintain the property efficiently. Even in case of residential properties, with outdated tenant laws across India, we have seen how difficult it gets for the manager or owner to get hold of their property. Therefore, as is the case in commercial properties, property owners must go for registered leases for residential properties as well.

  • Interest rate risk:

Real estate tends to be highly leveraged and thus the rate of return earned by equity investors can be affected by changes in interest rates. Most mortgages are of floating interest rates in India and therefore any monetary policy changes by RBI is keenly watched by the real estate investors. Even if an existing investor has a fixed interest rate loan or no loan at all, the change in the monetary policy by RBI by increasing the level of interest rates may also lower the capital value of a property that a new buyer is willing to pay.

  • Legislative risk:

Regulations such as tenant laws, taxes, registration procedures, stamp duty, restricted use of property, zoning, and other restrictions imposed by the state bodies or municipalities are categorized as legislative risk and must be factored in by the investors.

  • Environmental risk:

Environmental risks such as constructing or buying property in areas where the land use policy is under jurisdiction and therefore have the possibilities of adversely affecting the returns on investment.

Having gone through the above risks, a property investor should do his/her due-diligence before investing in a property:

  • Review of title/deed documents
  • Property survey
  • Government compliance
  • Areas of review/locality
  • Physical inspection
  • Tax matters
  • Insurance policies
  • Pending dues
  • Market studies including the demand for the similar property
  • Review of rent agreements or lease deeds in case the property is already rented.

Have any Questions?

Monday, April 20, 2020

How can Indian Real Estate Developers reach out to NRIs and target Overseas Indians?

Author: Sachin Gupta | Find me on Twitter

Real estate is an extremely important industry in the growth of Indian economy. The sector contributes about 6% to the nations’ GDP. The sector is also the second largest employer of labor (formal and informal) behind agriculture.

Real estate developers buy land from the city authorities or directly from the farmers/landowners. Once the land acquisition process is complete and titles are transferred in the name of the developer, the construction work starts. What kind of development will take place on a given plot of land depends on the market conditions. A developer can develop commercial or residential buildings based on the market elements of demand and supply.

The next step for the developer is to sell or lease the project to investors who are willing to use it for their end-use or for investment purposes. When market conditions are not favorable; it becomes extremely difficult for the developer to clear the unsold stock of inventory and that seems to be the case today in India. About 7.6 Lacs of housing units were unsold at the end of June 2014. And new project launches have been greatly reduced.

In this scenario, what can a developer do? Wait for the economic conditions to improve? Wait for the interest rate cuts? Wait for the improvement in job market? No doubt, all of these factors will certainly help the developer in clearing off the existing inventory; however, real estate developers can still tap into the highly lucrative Overseas Indians market.

This is a massive market with a population in excess of 21 million. The market constitutes of Non Resident Indians (NRIs), Person of Indian Origin (PIO), and OCI.

In 2013 alone, Private remittances from overseas Indians into India stood at whopping 71 Billion US $, the largest for any single country in the world.

Where are they investing? A closer look at the RBI data reveals preference for NRE/NRO accounts.

What can Real estate developers do to tap into this segment of the market?

A well thought out strategy is based on 4 principals

  1. Customers
  2. Product or services
  3. Region
  4. Channels

Having identified the customers (overseas Indians), the next step for real estate developers is to pay attention to the behavioral patterns of Overseas Indians. What kind of home sizes they prefer? What are the amenities that they demand? Who will take care of their apartments in their absence? Are there professional Property Management Companies in Delhi NCR and other parts of the country to provide NRI audience with apartment management services? What kind of on-site infrastructure they desire, etc. etc. A well prepared survey can help real estate developers in decoding the behavioral patterns of NRI audience.

After studying the behavioral patterns, the product (homes) can be conceptualized and sold in chosen regions. The next challenge is the choice of channels to reach out to NRI audience?

  • Web:
Use of web to reach out to NRIs is an inexpensive approach, but it is too generic and crowded in nature. However, it helps in creating awareness about the developer and the projects. If combined with other channels such as local brokerages and property shows, significant results can be achieved.

  • Partnership with local brokerages:
NRIs still transact through Indian Channel Partners and some international channel partners (Brokers of Indian origin settled abroad). A real estate developer can tie up with a few local channel partners (brokers) in the respective countries and had them invite their customers. However, not all real estate developers can successfully do it because of limited brand exposure and competition from other reputed developers.

  • Own office:
Having an office in a country can certainly help a real estate developer in reaching out to NRIs in that particular country. However, it is an expensive approach and developers with big pockets can manage to afford it. There are some developers who have set up their own offices in Singapore, Dubai, California, London, Malaysia, etc.

  • Property Shows:
Property shows or exhibitions are country specific in nature, wherein 40-50 real estate developers participate and showcase their properties to overseas Indians in that particular country. Past Indian Property Show in Singapore, Dubai, London indicates a footfall of 2500-3000 visitors a day. Even though, a developer may or may not make on the spot bookings, the exhibition certainly helps in brand building and that helps in future sales.

Having identified the NRI audience, a real estate developer must make the optimum use of different channels to reach out to this segment. One cannot simply afford to ignore this massive and profitable market segment. And the developer must continuously invest in reaching out to Overseas Indians.

NirrtiGo works with Indian Real Estate developers in order to reach out to overseas Indian community. NirrtiGo organizes Indian Property shows in overseas markets, utilize web based platforms, and create awareness on the vast property investment opportunities in India. Real Estate developers looking to target NRI markets can contact NirrtiGo for upcoming Indian Property shows in overseas markets at

Have any Questions?

Monday, April 13, 2020

Things to Avoid while Investing in Real Estate

If you were to believe the latest national news, consumer confidence is on the decline and cash deficit on builders on an incline. In Mumbai, Delhi-NCR, and other popular cities, the demand has come down to around 50% for new property launches.

But not everything in real estate is gloomy, the Reserve Bank of India has recently made a cut in policy interest rates. While this news may cause haste in investing in the sector, say in buying luxury villas in Bangalore or any other metro cities, there are some things you need to consider before making an investment. These are mentioned below for your consideration:

  • Trading in real estate properties frequently

When you trade in real estate properties more frequently – that is, buy or sell your property in shorter duration – you may incur a loss in tax benefits.

To be precise, if you sell your property within 3 years of making your real estate acquisition, such acquisition would then be called short term capital gain, which entitles you to zero tax concession or exemption.

But, if you sell your real estate property after 3 years, it entitles you to long term capital gains and the taxation for this would be at a comparatively lower rate.

Be wary that if you trade-in too many times even in long term capital gains as it could alarm your Income Tax officer, who may consider this dealing as your business income and withdraw the low rate on long term gains.

  • Investing in properties that are due completion

It’s easy for your agent or builder to make excuses for not completing their project on time and completing it at a much later date than promised. They may not have any hidden agenda behind this, except prolonging time. It means a little more number of EMIs for you than which were originally expected.

The second of the two-pronged effect of the delay is this: The tax benefits that you receive on your property investment are restrained on possession, which is a direct effect of long delays.

Being alert on investing in incomplete or overdue properties is therefore very important, at least for your pockets.

  • Planning your budget before investing

We know that if a budget is unplanned or unsupervised before investing in real estate, it may deplete most of your saved resources, back-up money, or hamper your short-term investments. It may also affect your daily expenditure and can create dearth in your cherished small purchases every now and then.

Purchasing properties not just involves a down payment but also what seems like an endless array of EMIs – directly affecting your monthly salary.

Seek the professional advice of your financial consultant before buying a real estate property. A good recommendation would be saving at least 40% of your total income after you have made your investment.

  • Considering all the factors before making your investment

As again like planning your budget, it is equally important in knowing and fully understanding all factors involved with making your investment, because knowing the loan criteria, real estate details, and repaying capacity are not adequate. Consult a financial adviser for a complete financial plan on your investment.

  • Plenty of investment in properties may not result in profits always

The best idea would be to divide your finances into different types of investments, and not just stick to investing in real estate. First, because transaction costs in real estate are much higher than say investing in gold, bank deposits, bond funds, equities, etc.

The prime reason that people choose to invest in a lump sum in properties is that their prices increase at a faster rate compared to other most forms of investments. While this may not be true always, it’s wise to be aware of the current changes or trends in the market for accurate predictions.

If you are planning to make any investment such as buying villas in Bangalore or Chennai, etc., these above-mentioned points should hopefully help you in making the right investment.

This is a guest post by Dinesh Dhawde

Tuesday, April 7, 2020

Shall I invest in commercial properties with 12% assured returns scheme in India?

Author: Sachin Gupta | Find me on Twitter

Recently in the month of May 2014, the managing director of Vigneshwara Group and two of his family members were arrested for multi crore alleged fraud. What was the fraud? Well, the group is in the business of real estate. Ohhh…real estate…yea, most of the frauds happen in this sector only. In this case, the group had received money from investors (around 700 of them) for commercial office space properties in Gurgaon and Manesar. What was the selling point of this group? This group isn't a household name like DLF, or Unitech. So, what was the selling point which brought in these many investors? Well, the selling point was ‘12% assured return on investment, till the possession of the property’. So, if an investor invested about 1 crore rupees for 1000-1200 square feet of office space, then he/she will continue to get 12 Lacs rupees per year as investment returns till the property is handed over. And the builders normally in India claim to handover the property in 3 years.

However, Vigneshwara Group despite taking money from around 700 investors for properties in and around Gurgaon in 2006-07, and promising assured returns till possession, the group allegedly didn't begin construction of some projects and defaulted on payments to investors. And that was the reason "The three members were booked under sections 420 (cheating), 406 (breach of trust), 120B (criminal conspiracy) and 34 (common intent) of the IPC".

On the surface, the 12% assured return is not a bad deal. For an investment of Rupees 1 crore, one would get 36 lacs rupees back in 3 years as assured returns. And at the end of 3 year period, the property is handed over which can be leased to earn decent income. And of course, there will be capital appreciation gains as well. So, on the surface, it looks a good deal.

However, as is the case in life, one needs to scratch the surface to fully comprehend the deal. Let’s do it here:

Why do real estate developers come up with such fancy schemes?

  1. Bank money is not available or is very expensive: What do you think? The builder did not try to raise money for the project through banks or formal channels? Yes, of course, he did…but the money was expensive, i.e. @ 17 or 18%. And he found the easy goats in form of unsuspecting investors who have plenty of cash with them.
  2. These schemes ensure project is sold off at early stage: Real Estate is a risky business, but a builder is always carrying out financial engineering calculations to make sure his interests are safe. When a developer launches a new project especially in commercial category, he wants to play it safe and sell the project to investors along with the incentives of schemes like 12% assured returns. Selling a residential project is rather easy because of demand in India; however, selling a commercial project takes financial engineering skills.
  3. Lack of other funding options: Why can’t builders raise money from other sources such as Private Equity funds or other institutional funds? Well, all these funds carry out comprehensive due-diligence before investing in any project. And the due-diligence process also involves supply-demand analysis for the commercial property along with builder’s track record, etc. And based on their analysis they decide not to invest in such projects if supply of such kind of property is high or demand is low. Because at the end of the day, the commercial property will be valued on the basis of monthly income it can generate once leased.

Why do builders fail to deliver?

Well, all is not lost for investors who invest in such projects provided builder delivers on his promises. But a real estate developer seldom delivers on his promises and that’s why these issues of fraud and money laundering keep on sprouting every now and then.

Why do builders fail to deliver? ‘Greed’ is word that best describes the failure of the builder to deliver on time. Having successfully launched and sold the commercial project on the back of 12% assured returns scheme to fallible goats, he begins to start acquiring land parcels for new projects with similar schemes.  If one project can be successful, why can’t other projects be successful? And in doing so, he diverts funds received from first project to acquire land parcels. The construction progress of first project is delayed, and there is no money left to pay the assured returns as well.

If the builder has remained disciplined, the 12% assured return scheme would have worked. But that is a Utopian scenario.

Are schemes like 12% assured returns good for investors?

  1. Stay away from such schemes if you are a first time investor.
  2. If you have propensity to invest in real estate and can carry out due-diligence, then one can consider such schemes. Due diligence involves carrying out supply-demand analysis, builder’s track record, income levels of the people in the city, etc. It is a challenging task and one should look at if banks or institutional funds have invested money in the project or not? These banks or institutional funds will not invest money in any project without carrying out the due-diligence.

Good Luck with Real Estate Investment!

Have any Questions?

Tuesday, March 31, 2020

Vastu Tips for Home Buyers

Are you planning to buy a flat or an apartment?


Great! Now that we are in the year 2016 buying an independent house is out of the question. It is better to think of buying a flat or an apartment. There are many Advantages of Apartment Living.

But before you buy your brand new apartment or flat you need to analyze a few factors.

Vastu Shastra or the science of architecture is something that you need to examine for your new home.

Some people either deliberately or not so deliberately tend to ignore the Vaastu factors when buying a new home.

Often this creates a lot of problems in the new homes, and it never dawns that certain unresolved elements are welcoming negative energy.

So, what we are going to do here is provide you with Vastu tips for your new home:



The northeast direction is considered to be one of the sacred directions from mythological perspective and scientifically.

Let us ignore the mythological facts and focus on what are the scientific aspects:

In India, the Northeast direction is the farthest one from the sun. This means the Southwest is closer to the sun and if you keep this area of your home open you are welcoming the sun's UV radiations.


UV rays are they good? Of course not!

You do not want to fill your home with these dangerous UV rays.

So, if you have been keeping your home's Southwest door open, close it now and let us think of Northeast.

Vastu comes from the word Vas which means Space and Time.

These are the two most important components of life science that you should not ignore.

As far as Indians are concerned Vastu Shastra is the science of architecture, a legacy, handed across generations.

It is something that we need to nurture and preserve in its best form to lead a happy life in our living spaces.


Health, peace and prosperity are the three things that we all want in our homes.

Vastu Shastra is a science that takes into consideration the Solar Energy and Magnetic power of the Earth.

Vaastu also follows the Cosmic Law of Nature. The sun's rays have a significant effect on our body.

We are not aware of these. But staying exposed to the sun's dangerous rays for a longer time can cause severe mental problems.

Have you ever heard elders or someone tell you that you need to sleep with your head facing the South or West?


Because we know that our head is the North of our body and the feet is the South of our body.

We are aware of the fact that like poles attract and unlike poles repel.


So, what happens now?

Consider your body as a magnet.

When you sleep with your head facing the North and feet towards the South, you know what will happen.

The blood circulation increases when all you need is little circulation while sleeping.

So keep your head towards the South or West while sleeping.

Now you realize why Vastu is an important factor that needs to be taken into consideration when buying flats or apartments.

When choosing a builder or an architect, check whether they incorporate all the Vastu Shastra components while building the flats and apartments.

We want you to experience an immense flow of positive energy in your homes and so we recommend you cross check whether your builders consider Vastu Shastra in building dream homes.

As per Vaastu, if not possible to leave all the four directions of your flat or apartment or villa open, you need to at least let the North and East directions of your home open.

There is a lack of space everywhere, so many buildings are being constructed side by side, so obviously it is not possible to leave all your doors open.

But at least, one of them you can keep open to ensure the flow of positive energy in your homes.

We never said that you cannot choose homes that face the South or West direction because there are many people around the world living in such apartments and are leading a happy and contented life.


So what according to Vastu are these directions doing?


  • West: Brings in materialistic comfort
  • East: Brings in the most important factors mental peace and physical comfort
  • North: Ensures prosperity
  • South: Redemption, Salvation, and relieves you of all the earthly woes.

So if you are eyeing for material wealth then don't think more, a flat facing the West will be the best choice.

But, life is more than materialistic richness.


Some Astrology:

Indians especially since we belong to the land of the great Dwarakapuri and having been introduced to the Vedas and ancient sages and rishis, we have belief in Astrology.


Vastu has some relation with Astrology too.

For people who belong to the star sign Pisces, East Facing houses are suggested.

If you belong to Libra, Aquarius or Taurus, West Facing houses are the best.

For people belonging to Aries, Sagittarius or Leo, North Facing houses are recommended.

Gemini, Virgo and Capricorn go for South facing houses.


Vastu Shastra for Kitchen:

This is where health begins. Ensure that the flat or apartment that you're buying does not face the North East. It would be great if it is in the South West direction.


Vastu Shastra for Toilets and bathroom:

In India, the direction of the wind is from Northeast to Southwest, so if your toilets or bathrooms are facing the North East, the air will enter your rooms from the toilet, and it will contaminate the other rooms.

Bathrooms and toilets are best facing the Southwest direction.


Vastu Shastra for Bedrooms:

Best recommended that you keep your bedrooms facing the Southwest direction so that you can enjoy a sound sleep after a tiresome day at work.

These are some of the simple tweaks and tips that you can follow when buying a new house or you can think of introducing these points in your home.

Are you buying your first home or apartment? Or do you own a home? Are you leading a happy life? Did you get the Vaastu examined before moving into your new apartment? Share your thoughts and comments on Vastu with us.

This is a guest post by Vipin Nayar

Monday, March 23, 2020

Do not forget to check the loading factor, super area, carpet area when buying an apartment in a builder project

Author: Sachin Gupta | Find me on Twitter

Sumit Sharma recently bought a 1685 Square Feet apartment in an upcoming locality of Gurgaon. The apartment was a typical 3BHK apartment. The configuration of the apartment was as follows:

Category Carpet Area (Sq. Ft.)
Bedroom 1 144
Bedroom 2 168
Master Bedroom 180
Kitchen 120
Hall 240
Toilet 1 56
Toilet 2 56
Toilet 3 56
Balconies 159.5
Carpet Area of the Apartment 1179.5
Saleable Area of the Apartment 1685
Efficiency of the Apartment Unit 70.00%
Loading 30.00%

As can be seen from the above example, Sumit got this 3BHK apartment with 30% loading. His apartment’s carpet area turned out to be 1179.5 Square Feet.

Initially, Sumit was taken aback and even contemplated legal action against the developer because what he saw in sample flat was different. The rooms, toilets, Hall appeared bigger to him than what he got in actual. However, on verifying the apartment units of other buyers, he came to realize that carpet area of all the apartments was substantially lower than the sale-able area.

Why? It is due to the term called ‘loading’. While announcing new residential projects, real estate developers come up with plethora of amenities within the gated apartment complex. All these amenities look attractive to prospective buyers on paper and in brochures. However, they forget to realize that more the number of amenities such as club, swimming pool, tracks, gym, more will be the loading. In addition to the development of basic facilities such as lifts, corridors, staircases, the developer will now be constructing all the amenities that he has promised to the buyer. Construction of all these amenities costs and there is no way a builder will keep the cost to himself. These costs are passed on to the customers in form of loading.

In essence, customer pays for the amenities he is getting within the gated apartment complex.

Loading shall not be confused with FSI. While FSI determines how much area within a given piece of plot can be developed as per the local municipal guidelines, loading implies addition of common areas and amenities to an individual flat owner. Loading is generally calculated on a pro rata basis.

In addition to paying for these common areas and amenities in capital value terms, a flat owner would also be subjected to pay a monthly common area maintenance charge for the upkeep of these common areas and amenities.

We have also seen an NRI Customer who invests in Indian real estate is particularly unaware of these terminologies. Therefore, before investing in a residential project, an NRI can hire a reputed realtor or one of the professional Property Management Companies in India to make sure he/she pays as per market conditions. And he/she is not taken for a ride by the developer.

  • Can loading be reduced?

Loading is usually on a lower side in a low rise structure, standalone developments, villas, builder floors. In Government allocated plots, loading is zero. Even in high rise gated communities, loading can be reduced if space utilization is optimum and wasteful amenities are eliminated.

  • What is the loading pattern in cities across India?

Loading varies from cities to cities and in fact from project to project. Lavish projects with wide open spaces and extra amenities will command high loading. Typically, in Delhi NCR region, loading stands at 22 to 30%. In Mumbai, loading stands at almost 50-60%.

  • Is there any government guideline for 'loading'?

The government of India in its Real Estate Regulatory Act made it mandatory for developers to charge only on carpet areas. However, it is yet to be seen in practice. The bill says that “Introduction of the concept of using only ‘carpet area’ for sale which has till now been ambiguously sold as super area, super built up area etc.’’ For more about Real Estate Regulatory Act, read here.

Have any Questions?

Monday, March 16, 2020

The two options for the soon-to-be landlord

Around the globe there are just two options for everyone looking for the ideal tenant match for their house: One is easy but expensive and another is comparatively difficult but cost effective and fully autonomous.The easy but expensive one is where you appoint a property management service to find and then manage the tenant and rent respectively in return of which they charge an amount. The second and only one left now is where you do all the hard work in finding a tenant and manage them in your space. While the level of guarantee as to the right tenant is less in either case but the moment you take things in your control, things become a hell lot easier both on your pocket and also provide peace of mind.

The takers for both these options are many but let us look at both the options for the first clueless timers’ sake.

For those comfortable with property management service

The choice to go for property management services is not bad, it not only saves time and effort in finding the ideal tenant but also do a clear background check to ensure that the tenants are genuine. If you are planning to opt for this mode, there are just two things for you to consider: where to find the right service provider and being comfortable with the expenses that you will have to incur.

  • Where to find the right property management service provider?
Depending on where your property is, you can either go for the traditional word of mouth medium or use reliable real estate portals available on the internet. The latter is much easier for all you have to do is put in your location and search, for example, if your property is in Bangalore, just put in ‘property dealers in Bangalore’ and you will get a number of results on time.

  • Be comfortable with the expenses
In order to be comfortable with the expense, you will first need to get an idea of the exact amount. Confirm and research the going service rate in the market and also ask your provider if the cost of managing the property is recurring or one time. Doing this will prepare you for the coming expenses.


For the 'do it yourself' counterparts

Doing all the tasks on your own definitely makes you a Brave-heart. Although it may look impossible, but it takes less time to get it

  • Advertise your house
Begin online. For nominal fees and sometimes even free, you can now advertise your property on renowned websites. Like the last Bangalore example, what you can do is post a ‘Flat for rent in Bangalore’ ad that will eventually take the prospects to the hyperlinked image. For those who want a more advanced result for less money, they should try YouTube or Vine. Upload a simulated tour of the property, then share the links on different classified websites such as Craigslist, also add them in your various social media platforms. After listing your property, do not forget to put in the necessary "For Rent" signage in front yard.

  • Tidy it up
Strangely, some landlords do not even bother to tidy up their houses and apartments before putting it up for rent. Normally, the nicer and cleaner your house is at times when the prospect comes,the nicer it looks when they both stay and leave.

  • Repair structural shortcomings
Replacing the busted appliances, chucking out left-behind scrap, pests and termites spray and by simply adding new paint coat will take you far in attracting the ideal renter. Also the probability of getting a higher charge increases, big time.

  • A ready rental policy
Have a document that clearly specifies the various lease’s TnCs, such as if pets are allowed, if you need security deposit and/or expect the tenants to bear their renters insurance. Make sure you have it ready even before you start shortlisting tenants.

We all know how difficult it can be to find the right tenant for your property. There is no right or wrong option here, everything depends on the efforts you can take and the money you have. Now that you know what it takes to go in either of them, make a sound decision.

This is a guest post by Tripti Rai. She writes about real estate sector, she keeps her readers informed about latest developments in real time through her writing.

Monday, March 9, 2020

Are you a start-up or a growing organization? Find the checklist before you lease your next office space.

Author: Sachin Gupta | Find me on Twitter
Are you a start-up or growing organization? As a small company looking to bring new and innovative products and services to market, you want all your focus on the job at hand. You simply need no deviation from your core activities. While in large companies there is always a team to look into the non-core activities of a firm. The start-up can simply not afford it. The non-core activities include finding the right office space, manufacturing facility, admin tasks, and many such activities. Whereas the focus of a start-up is always on its products, customers, etc. However, there is no getting away from non-core activities.

Being a start-up ourselves, we understand how difficult is to perform these non-core activities within the constrained time and budget. Therefore, let’s start from the first step itself, i.e. finding your next office space. Make no mistake, having a right office space will not only allow you to focus on your core activities but at the same time it will help you to attract talent on your path to glory. So what are the things you as the founder of the start-up should keep in mind before going for office space hunting?

Tip 1 – Area Requirement:
Assess your current team size and the short term increase or decrease in team size. Let’s be clear, that most of the leases with landlord/developer will have a lock-in period of 3 years (it can be negotiated though). Therefore, having an eye on future expansion on team size will help you a great deal to justify the office space you lease for your operations. Having done that, now you need to calculate the area required. Our estimate based on the historical data assigns 80-100 Sq Ft per employee. Therefore, having a team of 10 should mean 800-1000 Sq Ft of carpet area requirement.

Tip 2 – Building efficiency:
It makes sense for you to look for office space buildings with greater efficiency. Now, what is building efficiency? Building efficiency is basically the ratio of usable (carpet) area to super area. In other words, higher the efficiency, the better is the space utilization in the building. Therefore, look for buildings with higher efficiency. For example, the building efficiency for Office Space in Gurgaon varies from 65-80%. Let’s take an example, having assessed your team size; you came to conclusion that you need 1000 Sq Ft of usable area. Now, for 80% building efficiency, the super area (the area on which you will pay rent) will be 1250 Sq Ft. And for 65% building efficiency, the super are will be 1540 Sq. Ft. It’s a no brainer that you will choose the building with 80% efficiency to cut on your monthly rent.

Tip 3 – Parking and Location:
Make sure to check for parking spaces available for your office space. As a standard practice, one parking is made available for every 1000 Sq Ft of area leased. One can also rent or buy the additional car space. If your business requires that your customers visit you frequently, it make sense to find the office space in a locality which is located in central business district, and is easily connected by road, metro, etc. And if you operate a back office call center, then location becomes irrelevant for office space set-up.

Tip 4 – verify other charges in addition to the rent:
Make sure to check the other charges in addition to the monthly rent. Typical charges include CAM (Common area maintenance, electricity, taxes, and lease registration charges). In Grade A buildings, CAM charges would typically be 12 to 16 Rs. / Sq Ft. Electricity charges will be as per actual. And taxes, lease registration charges vary from state to state.

Tip 5 – Read the lease documents carefully:
You would have heard of this phrase a many times “Read the documents carefully” :). Typically, a lease paper should comprise the parties to lease, lease date, lock-in period, minimum rent deposit (6 months, although it is again negotiable), lease term including the lease renewal options, rent appreciation format, CAM charges format, size of the area, and other legal clauses. For more about the lease document, Download "Points to remember before leasing your Office Space in Gurgaon"

Go through the process carefully, and all the best in building a great company!

Have any Questions?

Monday, March 2, 2020

Life beings at 60! Reverse Mortgage Loan (RML) can be your gateway to hassle free and dignified life after 60.

Author: Sachin Gupta | Find me on Twitter

Senior citizens, a term used for people above 60 years of age are a growing population in India. Does that mean giving up on your lifestyle? Or depend on children’s income for fulfilling your basic needs? Well, whatever the logic behind in use of term “senior citizen”, there is no point living a tiring life after retiring actively from employment. In fact, this is the time to visit places, pursue recreational hobbies, learn something new from music instruments to latest in technology. One of the couple we came across in their late 60s is having the time of their life. Visiting various religious places, meditation, public work are some of things that keep them occupied. And there is no pension that they receive from their past employer. So, how do they maintain this exciting lifestyle? Well, to cater to the growing population of people above 60, the financial system including the banks has come up with an instrument called “Reverse Mortgage Loan”.

What is Reverse Mortgage Loan?
As the name suggests, it is the opposite of a normal home loan product. While, in procuring a home loan, you mortgage your property with the bank and pay EMIs so that the home can be yours once all the EMIs are paid. In reverse mortgage loan, the house which belongs to you is mortgaged to the bank or lender and then the lender pays you monthly tax free income without having to sell the house. And it is this tax free income that can allow you the luxury of living a hassle free and dignified life after your retirement at 60.

What happens to my house after the term of the reverse mortgage loan?
One can repay the loan in lump sum at the end of the loan term. Please note that the maximum tenure of the loan is 20 years. As long as you are alive and continue to occupy the house, there is no need to service the loan. However, in case of borrower’s death, lender sells the house and loan is repaid and the remaining amount (if any) is paid to the borrower’s inheritors.

Eligibility criteria:

  • Should be Senior Citizen of India above 60 years of age.
  • Married couples will be eligible as joint borrowers for financial assistance. In such a case, the age criteria for the couple would be at the discretion of the BANK, subject to at least one of them being above 60 years of age and the other not below 55 years of age.
  • Should be the owner of a self- acquired, self occupied residential property (house or flat) located in India, with clear title indicating the prospective borrower’s ownership of the property.
  • The residential property should be free from any encumbrances.
  • The residual life of the property should be at least 20 years.
  • The prospective borrowers should use that residential property as permanent primary residence. Permanent primary residence refers to the self acquired, self occupied residential property where a person spends majority of his time. Factors that may be relevant in this regard include the address used for general correspondence, utility bills, Bank statements, tax return, Bank accounts and Banking relations etc. However, all facts and circumstances may be considered for the purpose of determining that the residential property is the permanent primary residence of the borrower.

How much amount can be availed?

  • The amount of loan will depend on market value of residential property, as assessed by the BANK, age of borrower(s), and prevalent interest rate.
  • The Banks will have the discretion to determine the eligible quantum of loan reckoning the ‘no negative equity guarantee’ being provided by the BANK. The methodology adopted for determining the quantum of loan including the detailed tables of calculations, the rate of interest and assumptions (if any), shall be clearly disclosed to the borrower.
  • The Banks would ensure that the equity of the borrower in the residential property (Equity to Value Ratio - EVR) does not at any time during the tenor of the loan fall below 10%.
  • The Banks will need to re-value the property mortgaged to them at intervals that may be fixed by the BANK depending upon the location of the property, its physical state etc. Such revaluation may be done at least once every five years; the quantum of loan may undergo revisions based on such revaluation of property at the discretion of the lender.

How are the payments made to you by the lender?
  • Any or a combination of the following:
    • Periodic payments (monthly, quarterly, half-yearly, annual) to be decided mutually between the BANK and the borrower upfront
    • Lump-sum payments in one or more tranches
    • Committed Line of Credit, with an availability period agreed upon mutually, to be drawn down by the borrower
  • The maximum monthly payments shall be capped at Rs.50,000/- or such other amount as may be notified by the Government of India.
  • Lump-sum payments may be conditional and limited to medical exigencies.
  • The maximum lump-sum payment shall be restricted to 50% of the total eligible amount of loan subject to a cap of Rs.15 lakh or such other amount as may be notified by the Government of India, to be used for medical treatment for self, spouse and dependents, if any. The balance loan amount would be eligible for periodic payments.
  • The nature of payments will be decided in advance as part of the Reverse Mortgage Loan covenants. BANK at their discretion may consider providing for options to the borrower to change. All covenants/ conditions stipulated by the Banks shall be disclosed to the borrower in advance.

How can funds be used?
  • The loan amount can be used for the following purposes:
    • Up gradation, renovation and extension of residential property.
    • For uses associated with home improvement, maintenance/insurance of residential property
    • Medical, emergency expenditure for maintenance of family
    • For supplementing pension/other income
    • Meeting any other genuine need
  • Use of Reverse Mortgage Loan for speculative, trading and business purposes shall not be permitted

Source: National Housing Bank

Have any Questions?