Wednesday, October 17, 2018

5 Investment Tips for Commercial Real Estate

An investment in commercial real estate is a great way of increasing your market worth. Also, by acquiring the asset you add a steady source of earnings to your portfolio. Commercial property that is strategically located can appreciate dramatically over a period of time, while rented commercial properties can procure a regular cash flow for other financial pursuits like investment or for comfortable retirement. The following are five useful tips that will help you while purchasing a commercial property.


  • Learn from experiences 

It is always good to go with your instincts. Make use of personal knowledge as the best ideas for investment come from the investor's prior investment experiences and know-how. You should search for real estate in an area located close to your home or some place that is known to you. Investing in familiar markets is always a safer option and you can trust your instincts about what to buy where. Start going through blueprints and get a potential property evaluated. Remember to park your hard-earned money in a well-established locality, rather than an upcoming one even though it would cost more. It is going to be a more profitable investment eventually.


  • Wait for the right opportunity 

If you have just seen the property once and have decided to seal the deal, probably you are rushing in a bit too soon. Do not make such a blunder just because you have the purchasing power or like the look of the place. That does not mean the property is ready to be acquired. You should be comfortable with the area and the property. Visit the real estate during all times of the day to see the amount of lighting and the noise in the vicinity. Recce of the real estate may probably even bring out a few flaws in the property that can later be used to negotiate the price.

  • Build a real estate circle

An investor seeking to buy a commercial property cannot strike the best deal without a few suggestions and strategies from friends or experts from the real estate network. If you have a business associate from the legal, banking, contracting or property sales profession whose opinion you can trust, you should probably get some professional advice before taking the plunge. The person may also help you find a better deal.

  • Plan for both short and long term prospects

As an investor of commercial property, you should be able to gauge the immediate outcome from your investment, while also understanding its long term effects. Cities and their suburbs consist of several run down properties that were once buzzing. Draw your plans and cross-check what you want with what is available. Sometimes, changes in infrastructure, transportation routes and arrival of big organizations in the vicinity can instantly boost the worth of real estate. If something like that is on the cards for the property you are considering, you may be in for success in the near future.

  • Diversify your portfolio

Do not risk your money by parking all your funds at one place. You may be taking a huge risk by putting all your investment into a single commercial property. While buying commercial real estate and renting it out will ensure decent cash flow at a later stage, a market slowdown during retirement would be ruinous. Commercial property must not be the only one holding for an investor. To avoid getting stuck with a fruitless investment, it is advisable that you diversify by purchasing residential real estate or stock. If you are only inclined towards venturing into the realty sector, you can branch out by acquiring space in retail or office buildings, apartment buildings, condominiums, studio flats or by buying raw land.


This is a guest post by Devika Arora. The above piece of work talks about commercial properties in India.


Wednesday, October 10, 2018

The two options for the soon-to-be landlord

Around the globe there are just two options for everyone looking for the ideal tenant match for their house: One is easy but expensive and another is comparatively difficult but cost effective and fully autonomous.The easy but expensive one is where you appoint a property management service to find and then manage the tenant and rent respectively in return of which they charge an amount. The second and only one left now is where you do all the hard work in finding a tenant and manage them in your space. While the level of guarantee as to the right tenant is less in either case but the moment you take things in your control, things become a hell lot easier both on your pocket and also provide peace of mind.

The takers for both these options are many but let us look at both the options for the first clueless timers’ sake.


For those comfortable with property management service

The choice to go for property management services is not bad, it not only saves time and effort in finding the ideal tenant but also do a clear background check to ensure that the tenants are genuine. If you are planning to opt for this mode, there are just two things for you to consider: where to find the right service provider and being comfortable with the expenses that you will have to incur.

  • Where to find the right property management service provider?
Depending on where your property is, you can either go for the traditional word of mouth medium or use reliable real estate portals available on the internet. The latter is much easier for all you have to do is put in your location and search, for example, if your property is in Bangalore, just put in ‘property dealers in Bangalore’ and you will get a number of results on time.

  • Be comfortable with the expenses
In order to be comfortable with the expense, you will first need to get an idea of the exact amount. Confirm and research the going service rate in the market and also ask your provider if the cost of managing the property is recurring or one time. Doing this will prepare you for the coming expenses.

 

For the 'do it yourself' counterparts


Doing all the tasks on your own definitely makes you a Brave-heart. Although it may look impossible, but it takes less time to get it

  • Advertise your house
Begin online. For nominal fees and sometimes even free, you can now advertise your property on renowned websites. Like the last Bangalore example, what you can do is post a ‘Flat for rent in Bangalore’ ad that will eventually take the prospects to the hyperlinked image. For those who want a more advanced result for less money, they should try YouTube or Vine. Upload a simulated tour of the property, then share the links on different classified websites such as Craigslist, also add them in your various social media platforms. After listing your property, do not forget to put in the necessary "For Rent" signage in front yard.

  • Tidy it up
Strangely, some landlords do not even bother to tidy up their houses and apartments before putting it up for rent. Normally, the nicer and cleaner your house is at times when the prospect comes,the nicer it looks when they both stay and leave.

  • Repair structural shortcomings
Replacing the busted appliances, chucking out left-behind scrap, pests and termites spray and by simply adding new paint coat will take you far in attracting the ideal renter. Also the probability of getting a higher charge increases, big time.

  • A ready rental policy
Have a document that clearly specifies the various lease’s TnCs, such as if pets are allowed, if you need security deposit and/or expect the tenants to bear their renters insurance. Make sure you have it ready even before you start shortlisting tenants.


We all know how difficult it can be to find the right tenant for your property. There is no right or wrong option here, everything depends on the efforts you can take and the money you have. Now that you know what it takes to go in either of them, make a sound decision.



This is a guest post by Tripti Rai. She writes about real estate sector, she keeps her readers informed about latest developments in real time through her writing.

Wednesday, October 3, 2018

Tips for landowners before they enter into a joint venture agreement with real estate developers

Author: Sachin Gupta | Find me on Twitter

Recently, our team was interacting with some of the landowners who have entered into a joint venture agreement with real estate developers in Delhi NCR region. Now, believe it or not, most of these landowners are inheritors of ancestral property and have no clue about the legalities of a joint venture. They go as per the words of their confidants and sometimes find themselves into trouble. Take this, a landowner who entered into a joint venture agreement with a real estate developer in 2006 still finds that his land has been locked by the developer and there are no signs of the proposed group housing project taking off. What can you as the owner of land do before entering into a joint venture with a property developer?

1. First of all, what is a joint venture between a landowner and a real estate developer?
Joint ventures are formed by at least two parties with the objective of achieving a specific investment return. Unlike many other business agreements, when the objective is achieved, the joint venture is usually terminated. Following are the attributes of a joint venture.

  • Risk sharing: A single investor may be unwilling to undertake a real estate venture because of its size, location, capital requirements, and/or duration. However, by sharing the risk, two or more parties may be willing to undertake the venture.
  • Combining expertise with capital: Joint ventures are frequently formed as a way to pool equity capital from one or more sources, as well as a means of bringing parties with different expertise to the venture. A joint venture could also involve purchasing existing properties and operating them. In this case, one of the parties may be responsible for acquisition, leasing, and management, and others may provide capital.
  • Speculative objectives


2. Organizational forms
Participants in joint ventures may include any combination of individual investors, partnerships, corporations, or trusts. However, a joint venture in and of itself is not a legal form of organization. In order to specify capital contributions, rights, duties, profit sharing, and the like, a joint venture agreement or a business entity must be created. The choice of organizational form used to accommodate those various groups of investors could be a partnership, corporation, Pvt. Ltd, or trust. Partnerships are frequently the vehicle of choice in real estate joint venture.


3. Profit sharing
Because the parties to a joint venture may contribute different things, and possibly in different proportions, a partnership must be structured such that it provides economic incentives for all parties. Differences in tax status of investors also may affect the way partnerships are structured.

A joint venture can take on a number of different partnership forms. The most common is the limited partnership. As is the case with all partnerships, there must be at least one general partner and any number of limited partners. Generally, in real estate, limited partners are the investors that provide most of the equity capital, while general partners are usually responsible for managing the partnership assets and may contribute a relatively small portion of the required equity capital.


4. Following factors are considered by potential investors for structuring a joint venture.
  • How much initial capital will the parties contribute and how will the parties contribute additional capital if needed in the future?
  • How will the parties share in the annual cash flows to be produced from operating the property?
  • How will the parties share in the cash flow received from sale of the property?
  • Will some of the parties receive a preferred return? Will the preferred return be paid from annual cash flows and/or from sale?
  • Will taxable income (or losses) and capital gain (or loss) be shared in the same proportion that operating cash flow to be distributed?
  • Who will have control over the operation of the property and decisions involving capital improvements, approving leases to tenants, financing and possibly refinancing the property, and when to sell the property?

5. Points you as the owner of the land must keep in mind:
  • Check the credentials of the developer. His past record and success in achieving targets.
  • Before entering into a joint venture agreement with a builder, register your company and transfer the land on the book of this new entity. You can hold 100% of shares of this new entity or shares can be held by various promoters depending on their claim in the land. The new entity formed should ideally be registered as private limited company under the company’s law act of India.
  • Now, enter a joint venture agreement with a builder’s company. Therefore, the agreement is between two companies. One providing land for the development of the project and other providing capital and expertise to develop the project.
  • How do you decide on profit sharing? Well, we have defined it above. However, Recent trends in India indicates a 1/3rd – 2/3rd rule. 1/3rd of the project outflows going to the landowner and 2/3rd of the project outflows going to the real estate developer.
  • As a landowner, make sure that the number of housing units or the developed area of the project is assigned to you and is clearly mentioned in the joint venture agreement. For example, in case of housing project, you should have the housing unit number, size, and floor in the joint venture agreement.
  • As an example, a landowner enters into a joint venture agreement with a ABC real estate developer Pvt. Ltd. The plot of land measures 20 acres and about 600 housing units would be developed. As a thumb of rule, 200 units should be assigned to landowner and remaining 400 to the builder. For a landowner, this kind of agreement is safe and can result better returns for his/her land as opposed to the agreement wherein builder pays the 1/3rd of the cash inflows to the landowner on the sale of housing units.
  • Hire a professional legal company with expertise in real estate joint agreements, and due-diligence.


Have any Questions?

Thursday, September 27, 2018

Indians Buying Property Overseas

Author: Sachin Gupta | Find me on Twitter

Post 2008 financial crisis and sovereign debt problems in various European countries, the property prices fell down. Speaking to one person familiar with Spanish market, one get the sense that there is huge property overhang in the country and therefore government has relaxed norms for foreign nationals to buy property. Similarly, in Switzerland, one can easily buy a holiday home in upcoming projects in Andermatt or in other picturesque locations. Fall in property prices in US, EU, and Dubai make these places attractive for NRIs as well as resident Indians.

There could be various reasons for buying property in these countries from settling there later in life, or sending kids for education, pure investment, holiday destination, etc. "Dubai, London, New York and Singapore are the most popular property destinations for Indians. In 2013, Indians topped the list of foreign nationals who invested in Dubai Property market.

However, buying property overseas has its fair share of glitches and therefore one should adhere to following tips and RBI guidelines in order to make sure that process is legal and hassle free.






Have any Questions?

Thursday, September 20, 2018

What is the process of securing a home loan in India? What are the things I should check before opting for a home loan provider? And what are the various kinds of home loan schemes available in the Indian market?

Author: Sachin Gupta | Find me on Twitter 

In the previous post, we discussed about the dilemma of renting versus owning. However, after an in depth analysis of various elements described in the post, Sumit Sharma decided to go ahead with the purchase of the apartment. Now, the next step for him was to arrange for the mortgage loan to finance his purchase. Without a doubt, there are numerous lenders (mostly banks) in the market willing to lend money at competitive prices. Which lender (bank) to choose? What type of home loan to avail? And what are the things to remember during the loan process? These are some of the serious questions Sumit Sharma was confronted with. Lets Break It Down to smaller elements (L BID) and hope Sumit Sharma makes an informed decision based on the understanding of following elements:

Things to check during a mortgage loan process:
Interest Rates:
As per the RBI guidelines, home loan interest rates are linked to bank's base rate. Base rate tends to move up and down depending upon the interest rate movement in the economy. As a buyer, check the interest rates from various banks that are offering the similar mortgage loans. Usually premium charged by banks can be negotiated with the chosen bank; however, it depends on your credit history. Since, banks are in the business of lending money, therefore being a customer one must exercise the customer power and negotiate a best possible interest rate with the bank.

Processing fee:
Normally processing fees include statutory costs, third party charges, and additional finance charges. Because of problems involving loan fees and the potential abuse by some lenders of charging high fees to borrowers, a legislation requires lenders to show annual percentage rate (APR) being charged on the loan to the borrower. For example, if the fixed interest rate charged by a bank is 12% and processing fee is 2%, then normally APR would be 12.25%. Processing fee charges can also be negotiated with the bank.

Prepayment penalties:
Many borrowers mistakenly take for granted that a loan can be prepaid in part or in full anytime before the maturity date. This is not the case; if the mortgage note is silent on this matter, the borrower may have to negotiate the privilege of early repayment with the lender. However, many mortgages provide explicitly that the borrower can pay a prepayment penalty should the borrower desire to prepay the loan. Prepayment penalties are not included in APR.

Types of mortgage loan:
Fixed Rate Mortgages - Constant Amortization Mortgage Loan (CAM):
In this type of loan, the interest rate remains fixed during the tenure of the loan. Here, constant principal amount is amortized (reduced) in each installment. The user has to pay the sum of constant principal amount and interest that is charged on the principal. For example, on a loan of say 12 lacs rupees for 10 years at an interest rate of 12% per year, the constant principal amount that will be reduced every month is 12000 rupees (12lacs/120). In addition, for the first month, interest will be 12000 rupees. However, the interest charge will keep on reducing as the principal is amortized every month by constant amount. Therefore, in constant amortized mortgage loan (CAM), the monthly installment keeps on reducing.

Fixed Rate Mortgages - Constant Payment Mortgage Loan (CPM):
In this type of loan, the interest rate remains fixed during the tenure of loan. In this type of loan, monthly installments are constant. Here, principal amount reduced (amortized) in the starting months is less as compared to the principal amount in later months. However, the interest payment is more during the starting months and then reduces in later months. For example, on a loan of say 12 lacs rupees for 10 years at an interest rate of 12% per year, the monthly constant installment will be 17216.51 rupees.

Fixed Rate Mortgages – Graduated Payment Mortgages (GPM):
Some individuals have less income in starting years of their careers; those individuals are not considered for loan. To overcome this effect, lenders have designed a mortgage loan that retains a fixed rate of interest but includes a series of stepped up payments that are lower in earlier years, thereby better matching borrower’s incomes, and then rising over time. These loans are known as graduated payment mortgages (GPMs)

Adjustable (Floating) Rate Mortgages (ARM):
These mortgages provide an alternative method of financing through which lenders and borrowers share the risk of interest rate changes. In this type of loan, since interest rates are adjustable, they are indexed to say wholesale price index (WPI) or other market interest rates. For example, someone who applied for ARM indexed to WPI in year 1 at 5% interest rate might be paying 12% interest rate in 2nd year because inflation has increased by 7%.

Hybrid Adjustable Rate Mortgages:
This is the most common type of mortgage loan used these days. Hybrid ARMs combines elements of fixed rate mortgages for periods of 3, 5, or 7 years, after which interest rates are reset and the loan becomes an ARM. Subsequent payments are usually reset every year for the remaining maturity period. For example, a 3/1 hybrid would mean a three year fixed rate after which the interest rate would become adjustable, tied to an index, and would be reset each year thereafter.

So friends, before going to a bank for home loan, take a look at this blog or even take a print because even if one saves or negotiates .25% on interest rates, processing fee, or prepayment penalties, then it’s worth the effort. Don’t overlook that :)



Have any Questions?
 

Friday, September 14, 2018

Understanding interest rates and its impact on home buying decision!

Author: Sachin Gupta | Find me on Twitter
 
Buying a home has always been a cherished dream for an individual. The very thought of staying within the four walls that belong to you is very enthralling. The home that one owns provides not only the physical comfort but also emotional and psychological security which, in turn facilitate peace in life.

The dream of purchasing a home has remained intact; what has changed over the years though is age profile of buyers. Not long ago, purchasing a home would be a reality when a middle class man is on the verge of retirement. His life- long saving could be barely enough to finance the coveted asset. The balance could be pooled in by relatives and friends.  However, the time has changed now. Thanks to the wave of financial reforms and robust banking sector today. A young man out from the college and grabbing a promising job will soon be found to survey the real estate market to book a house.

The relationship between the financial sector and real estate today is complementary in nature even though the banks may be viewed as having upper hand in terms of being fund providers. It would not be an exaggeration to assume that majority of the transactions in the real estate market in India is being financed by bank loans. In such situations where bank loans have gained so much of importance in our lives, it becomes a necessity to understand the nuances attached with them.

Interest Rate:

A home loan seeker is confronted with a myriad of jargon. The most common and yet the most critical among them all is interest rate. Understanding interest rate and impact of its movement on the loan amount is crucial in making an informed decision.

Interest, to put it simply, is a kind of fee charged by lender of funds from the borrower. This fee or the interest may be computed at a “fixed” or “variable/floating” rate. So, if Rahul takes a loan of Rs. One Lac from a bank for period of one year at a rate of interest of 10%, it means he needs to refund Rs.1, 10,000/- at the expiry of one year (Rs. One Lac is the principal amount and Rs.10, 000/- is the interest).

Eligibility to avail home loans:

Banks and Housing Finance Companies are cautious when they lend. There are certain prudential norms which they follow while sanctioning a home loan. One of them is that the bank would restrict its exposure up to 80% of the value of the asset in respect of residential house property subject to the eligibility of the buyer. How the eligibility is determined and what role level of interest rate plays are interesting aspects to discuss.

In a typical home loan application, a bank would consider the following while determining the maximum amount of loan that can be sanctioned:

  1. Gross Salary/month
  2. Net Salary/month
  3. Value of property 


An example:

Let’s take an illustration. Amit, a young software engineer in his mid twenties wishes to buy a house in Delhi NCR. He zeroes in on a property in Noida. The description of property is as follows:


  • Builder: Sky Builder
  • Area of Flat: 1000 Sq. Feet
  • Rate/Sq. Feet (All inclusive): Rs.5000/-
  • Payment Plan: Construction linked 
  • Construction Period: 2 years 


Equipped with such information, the bank would put a threshold limit of Rs.40 Lac (Rs.50 Lac X 80%) on the loan amount that can be sanctioned against the property. Now it needs to evaluate eligibility of Amit based on his income profile. Banks make such evaluation on the basis of their own criteria which may differ from bank to bank. However, as a general rule, banks consider around 40-45% of net salary of an individual to be needed to service EMI.

The following example shows eligibility of Amit in three interest rates scenarios.  It has been assumed that in all three situations, Amit’s salary remains same and there is no change in any variable except in interest rate. In situation-I, where the interest rate is 10.50%p.a., Amit’s loan eligibility works out to be Rs.40 Lac. This is a perfect situation for him as he needs Rs.40 lac only and the maximum amount that the bank is ready to disburse is also Rs.40 lac. However, the situation is not so comfortable when there is a spike in the interest rate from 10.50% to 11.50% p.a. (situation-III).  Keeping the EMI amount almost at same level, there is a decline in the loan eligibility amount to the extent of Rs.2.55 Lac. The reason is simple. Given the hike in the interest rates and no corresponding increase in the income level of the individual, the banks would like to maintain their risk exposure at existing level. Hence, there is a reduction in the loan amount. A decline in the interest rates would be a spurt for the banks to increase the loan eligibility. This however is subject to overall ceiling with respect to asset value.



EMI:

Interest rate movements also cause substantial variability in the EMI that we pay. The table below is quite self-explanatory:


Hope this time when news channels flash the story of how RBI Governor is contemplating to tinker with the interest rates in its monetary policy review, you would not be so clueless about its probable impact on your home loan.  So watch out for it with the analyst in you.


Have any Questions?

Friday, September 7, 2018

Tips To Make Your House Look Spacious

Some things cannot be easily changed, one of them being your home, of course most of us do not have the luxury of changing residences periodically at the whims and fancy of our bored existence, but there are quite a few interesting ways, you can employ to give your home a complete makeover in surprisingly low budget…

Let us have detailed look at some of the pointers, which you can use for the purpose:


  • The clutter has to go – 

The first and foremost step in this regard is to clear out all the mess and clutter which takes up most of the extra space in your house. There is in fact a very logically approach to this activity. It is said that if you have not used an item in your home for over six months, then in all probability, you’ll never use it in your life (excluding winter wears). Hence, take a good look around and identify such items…the kitchen is a good place to start…keep your OLX app handy…The next important area to de-clutter is the entry hallway of your house. If you enter into a clean and open area every day, you will automatically feel that your house is more spacious.


  • Make do without too many fancy items – 

This is another thing, which needs to be carefully edited. Get rid of all those fancy items, which are not really necessary for your house either by gifting, selling or by just by throwing away. You will be surprised at how much space opens up after you are done gifting!


  • Redesign your furniture – 

Another great step towards making space in your house is to change the shape and size of your furniture. For instance, you can replace your shoe rack with a hanging shoe organizer, which will not only save a lot of floor space, but will also keep your house cleaner. Another example can be that of a shelving unit, which can be built into a wall or the back of a door.


  • Repaint your walls – 

Another trick, which can be used to make your house look bigger, is to lighten the shade of color of the walls of your house. The lighter the color of the walls, the bigger the house would look. Dark paints make rooms look cozy and comfortable, but they also make them look smaller and cramped.


  • Decorate the ceiling – 

This is one of the most frequently used tricks to increase the height of the house. If the ceiling of your house is painted or has wallpaper, your house will automatically get more height. So if the height of your house is your main concern, consider this option to be a perfect solution for your problem.


  • Re-arrange the furniture – 

Avoid putting the furniture close to the walls, as it makes the place to look cramped and closed. Pull the furniture away from the walls and you will automatically add more space in your house. You can also build your own vertical shelves and make it more fun!


  • More vertical furniture – 

Instead of expanding your furniture horizontally, try to expand it vertically. Bunk beds are a good option instead of double beds in your children’s bedroom.


  • Stripes go a long way – 

Try to put out rugs and wallpapers, which have stripes on them. This will give you an illusion of more width and height. Hence your house will appear far bigger than it actually is. Arrange the stripes in the direction of the longest length of the room for best results.


  • Mirrors, more mirrors – 

As you must have seen in many shops, there are many strategically placed mirrors, which create an illusion that the shop is bigger and more spacious. You can use the same concept for your house as well. Place mirrors in the entryway and room entries to double the width of the room by a large margin.


  • No overhead stuff – 

The more things you will hang from the ceiling, the more cluttered that room will look. Avoid hanging lights and decorative items in your house if it is already very cramped up. Instead of hanging a light bulb, try to put on a decorative lampshade instead!


  • Uncover the windows – 

Remove those bulky curtains from your windows and bless your house with some sunlight. Leaving the windows uncovered automatically makes the room to look bigger and brighter. It would also have the right energy and create a positive vibe; if the windows are left open and off-course some cool breeze would be good too.


  • Remove some doors – 

If this is feasible to you, you can try this unconventional method to literally open up some space. You can remove some doors, which connect rooms together and leave those particular areas open. This will not only increase the size of your house, but would lead to good ventilation too.


  • Color code – 

To make things appear more organized and cleaner, one should try to keep them in accordance with their color tones. If you keep all the colors together in one place, separated by even and thin margins, your room will open up by ten folds and also it is a visual treat!


  • Large scale flooring – 

The floor pattern, which you choose for your house must have large blocks. The larger the pattern, the more spacious your house will look. Also, try to arrange the floor tiles in a diagonal fashion to give the illusion of more space. Tiling is a crucial and costly step, so try to do this in the beginning itself.

So now that you are well equipped with these easy tricks on how to create more space in your house and make it look bigger, what are you waiting for? Choose your top 5 and start with them right away! These tricks are so simple and cost effective that you will be really happy after you are done revamping your house.After all a bigger place is so much better to live in!


This is a guest post by Anasua Mitra, Associate  Manager - Marketing, Wienerberger India Private Limited

Friday, August 31, 2018

What are the various payment plans currently being offered for real estate residential projects in India?

Author: Sachin Gupta | Find me on Twitter

Booking an apartment with a real estate developer is not easy. While on one hand there is this question of finding the right property developer with sound track record and on another hand there is this nagging question about housing prices and payment plans. In last few years, real estate projects and in particular residential projects have been launched with attractive payment plans in order to attract end-users and investors to book an apartment. The creative and financial engineering skills of real estate developers and banks are showcased with every new type of payment plan.

At the end of the day each payment plan which is designed reflects the existing market sentiment. If market sentiment is good and there is growth in the sector, then existing payment plans can prove to be sufficient. However, in times of bad market sentiments, there is much more pressure on real estate developers and bankers to sit and devise new attractive payment plans. In recent months, some of the new payment plans which have been introduced in the market are 80-20 scheme, rent on home buy, etc.

In this section, we analyze the various payment plans on offer and their implications for customers.



Down payment plan
A typical down payment plan looks like this:

Down Payment Plan [(8 % Rebate on Base Selling Price (BSP)]
  • At the time of Registration / Booking - 10% of BSP
  • Within 45 Days From date of Registration / Booking - 85% of BSP + Car Parking + DC +Club Membership + PLC (if any)
  • On Possession - 5% of BSP + Other Additional Charges etc.

In a typical down payment plan, one can get a discount on market Base Selling Price. The discount offered can be negotiated with the developer and generally ranges between 8-10%. Now, the question to be asked is, why would a developer offer this 8-10% of discount? Well, if a developer borrows money from bank or other financial institutions, then in that case, the developer ends up paying 12-15% yearly interest. And in down payment plan, a customer is willing to pay the entire apartment cost within 2 months at a discount of 10%. It’s a plan which suits the real estate developer most. However, investors with large amount of cash do also take considerable interest in down payment plans. Because where else can they park their unreported income but for real estate.

For end-users, this plan can prove to be risky in case the project is delayed unexpectedly.


Construction linked plan
A typical construction linked plan looks like this:

Construction/Time Linked Installment Plan
  • At the time of Registration / Booking* Rs. 3.0 Lac
  • On Allotment of Unit / within 45 days of booking* Completion of 15% of BSP
  • On Start of excavation / within 90 days of booking* Completion of 25% of BSP
  • Completion of basement roof slab / within 120 days of booking* 7 . 5 % o f B S P + 50% of DC
  • Completion of 1st Floor roof slab / within 5 months of booking* 7 . 5 % of BSP + 50% of DC
  • Completion of 4th Floor roof slab / within 7 months of booking* 7 . 5 % o f BSP + Car Parking
  • Completion of 6th Floor roof slab / within 9 months of booking* 7 . 5 % o f BSP + PLC
  • Completion of 8th Floor roof slab / within 11 months of booking* 7 . 5 % o f BSP
  • Completion of 10th Floor roof slab / within 13 months of booking* 7 . 5 % o f BSP
  • Completion of 12th Floor roof slab / within 15 months of booking* 5 % o f B SP
  • Completion of 14th Floor roof slab / within 17 months of booking* 5 % o f B SP
  • Completion of Top Floor roof slab / within 18 months of booking* 5 % o f BSP
  • On Completion of Brick Work in Apartment 5 % o f BSP
  • On Completion of Plaster Work 5 % o f B SP
  • On Possession 5 % o f B S P + IFMS + Club Membership + Other Charges

In a typical construction linked payment plan, one pays a booking amount of 3 to 5 lacs and the apartment is booked. Thereafter, installments are paid as per the construction of the project. This plan safeguards buyer’s interest in case the project is delayed since installments are paid as per the construction schedule of the project. Most banks also offer home loan to individual home buyers on this payment plan in order to make sure that funds which are provided to developer as part of installment actually go in the development of the project. This is by far the most prevalent plan in the industry today.


Flexi payment plan
A typical flexi payment plan looks like this:

  • At the time of Registration / Booking 10% of BSP
  • Within 30 Days From date of Registration / Booking - 30% of BSP + Car Parking + DC +Club Membership + PLC (if any)
  • Within 90 days from date of registration/booking – 30% of BSP
  • Within 180 days from date of registration/booking – 25% of BSP
  • On Possession - 5% of BSP + Other Additional Charges etc.

Just like down payment plan, flexi plan offers discount on base selling price usually in the range of 5%. As the name suggests, this plan provides flexibility to investor in paying the apartment cost over a period of time. Again, it is not suited to end-users who normally opt for construction linked plan. Most banks also do not offer loan on flexi payment plan.


20-80 payment plans

20-80 schemes are a new phenomenon. What it means is that one can pay 20% now and remaining 80% at the time of possession. However, the price per square feet for 20-80 schemes is much higher than the usual construction linked plan. As a buyer, it might look attractive on the surface, but one must be careful in understanding the price differential between a 20-80 scheme and a construction linked plan scheme. 

Even though, in 20-80 schemes, the pressure is on the developer to complete the project on time but there is all the likelihood that prices for 20-80 schemes will be much higher. The hidden point to understand is who is the paying the 80% of apartment cost during the construction period? It will certainly not be a bank, or the developer. Ultimately, the amount is passed on to the customer in the form of higher base selling price. Therefore, before, one jumps on to these schemes, check the price differential.
According to some media reports, Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has banned the 20-80 schemes.


Rent on home buy plan

Recently, some developers have launched rent on home buy. What it means is that if you book an apartment in the under-construction project with a particular developer, then developer agrees to pay the rent for your current accommodation if the project is delayed and in some cases the developer agrees to pay the rent for the entire construction period of the project. The idea is to ease the financial crunch a buyer faces when he/she pays equated monthly installments (EMIs) and rent during the period of construction.

Experts believe that such assurances come with a cost, but the builder is unlikely to disclose two sets of rate cards to potential customers — one that includes the rental offer and the other without it. Just like the 20-80 schemes, one must be careful in opting for these schemes as the pricing will be much higher than the usual construction linked plan.

At the same time, direct discount is far better as it is simpler to understand. Then, there is the time value of money you are committing over the period of construction.


Which payment plan one needs to choose?

For an investor with huge cash pile, it may make sense to go for down payment or flexi payment plans. But for, end-users, it is always advisable to stick to construction linked plans because of transparency and ease in availing home loans.








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Saturday, August 25, 2018

What are the various kinds of documents that are required to avail home loan in India? What are the documents a salaried class, self employed, businessman needs to present for home loan in India?

Author: Sachin Gupta | Find me on Twitter

As per the recent report by National Housing Bank titled “Report on trend and progress of housing in India 2012”, the following observations were made.

The urban population of India has been growing at a rapid pace. As per the Census 2011, 31.16 per cent of the total population is in the urban areas. The shortage of housing units for the urban areas for 2012 is estimated at 18.78 million units.

With time, there has been expansion and improvement in the housing finance market by way of various financial reforms; however the housing loans as a percentage of GDP have remained at around 7 percent, significantly lower than the levels achieved in most of the developed countries.

During the financial year 2011-12, housing loan which is disbursed to individuals across India stands at Rs. 68221.12 Crore. Out of which about 71.34% was used by individuals for acquisition/construction of new houses, about 2.63% for repair of existing houses, and about 26.03% was used for purchase of old/existing houses (resale properties). The housing loan availed by individuals across India continue to increase year on year by an average of about 20%. All these numbers suggest that home loan is a key factor when an individual goes out to buy home.

However, before one approaches the bank or housing finance companies for housing loan, he/she needs to have the papers in order. Papers about income proof, bank statements, PAN Card, etc. What are the documents that are required to avail home loan? This is a question many of you are confronted with. And therefore, we have put together a comprehensive list of documents that are required for home loan. Find it below:






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Monday, August 20, 2018

Buying your second property? Here is the checklist

Second home, a nomenclature designated to vacation house, investment house, or simply a home for the extended family. Whatever name you call it, second home market is developing as a cash cow for the investors and developers alike. Let us look into the concept of home away from home in some more detail and see a checklist to help make it a profitable venture without burning a hole in your pockets.

Buying a second house is very similar to buying the primary residence to some extent. However the dynamics might change depending on the purpose for which the property is bought. The purchase of such houses depends mostly on disposable income, as they are bought to match the lifestyle choice more than the primary need. Thus a lot of other things like purpose, affordability, and location etc. come into the picture.

For someone planning to buy a second house, hundreds of things need to be considered. It has been observed that it all comes down to a few basic points like purpose, affordability, location, and some other similar factors.



If you are struggling with the decision of whether or not to buy a second house, here is a checklist of decisions that you will have to encounter in order to take a sound decision. Give them a thorough thought before you go ahead and buy a house.


  • Buy an age friendly house

Investing in a retirement house is also a very common thing. If that is your plan and you have decided on living in the second house, opt for an age friendly house. The amenities offered by the project will play a major role here. For a house that you plan to retire in, it should have all the care facilities, ATMs, shopping complexes, etc. in close proximity.

In India, places like Pune, Bangalore, Chennai, etc. are seen as age friendly cities. So if you plan on retiring in comfort, buy an apartment in Bangalore or opt for a house in Pune or Chennai.


  • Think about the location 

It is one of the main considerations that second-home buyers take. The first part is to decide whether to invest in your city or buy a house elsewhere. Factors like safety, property values, rate of returns, etc. hold importance in deciding the location.

For those looking to buy house in the same city, pointers like purpose, location, and neighborhood plays a major role.

If you plan to buy a house for investment purposes, go for areas near metro routes or high on physical infrastructure front. In a country like India, where the real estate developments are on an all-time high, there are a number of profitable options available to you as second house destinations.


  • Purpose of the second house

The purpose of buying a second house should be clear before you make the investment. Decide whether you are looking for retirement house, vacation house, or for investment needs. The location, price of project, and future of the property depends on this choice.

When buying house for vacation, the factors like returns, neighborhood etc. are overridden by luxury, comfort, and status-quo. And when you buy a house for investments, the exact opposite happens.


  • Finances 

The main concern when buying a second property is Finances. If you already have the first property going on EMI, it is important to decide whether you want the second property on EMI too, or you want to pay the loan off on the first one and start a fresh loan scheme.

The affordability should always be given a priority. Avoid keeping both the property on loan. Have a good portion of the income with yourself to handle any exigencies with ease.


  • Decide what happens with the old house

It is closely related to the purpose point. Before you buy the new house, decide what you are going to do with the old one. It is seen that people often live in the new house and put the old one on rent. Do proper house-benefit analyses before you decide on something. The pricing and EMI is the first thing that will directly affect this decision.

Before you finalize something, work on the tax benefits and insurances, to get a clearer picture of what is beneficial for you.


  • Land vs. Apartment

Another important decision to take is Apartment vs. Land analysis. People who have already acquired a piece of land prefer to buy an apartment as their second house, and vice-versa. Again factors like purpose and affordability, finances play a major role here.

Along with huge tax benefits and a place for retreat or simply a source of extra income, second homes offer a number a benefits to the owner. However, the intensity of decisions in terms of how crucial they are increases in the second time round. Before you start searching for properties, go through the checklist and take a calculated decision.

This is a guest post by Tripti. Tripti writes on the behalf of 99acres.com. Her articles talk about new developments in the real estate industry. She is an avid fiction reader, craftsman and a keen observer. Being someone who just observes without having a point of view, she keeps herself updated in real time. You can reach her on LinkedIn.


Monday, August 13, 2018

Looking to construct your own house on a given piece of land? Pay attention to stages of construction and the cost part of it.

Author: Sachin Gupta | Find me on Twitter

Planning to build your home on a piece of plot? What are the things that one needs to keep in mind before embarking on a year long journey of construction and dealing with multiple contractors, suppliers, etc? Surely, as an owner of the plot, you would have got multiple offers from architectural firms, contractors about the cost estimate. However, before even talking to these firms, one need to do his/her cost estimation.

Constructing one’s house is not easy because of the nature of the work. One needs to work/deal with professional firms such as architects, contractors and at the same time deal with labor. Therefore, you not only need to plan the stages of construction but also the costing part of it. Doing the cost analysis helps you in analyzing what you need to build and what you can postpone for future dates. For example, if your budget is limited, then in all likelihood, you may not go for modular kitchens, lavish bath fittings, etc.

Here we present the quick ‘to do’ list for you to arrive at a guesstimate of cost that you may incur during the construction of your dream house. This will help you in planning your construction stages as well as cost part of it.



Have any Questions?

Monday, August 6, 2018

What are the benefits of applying for a home loan in Joint name?

Author: Sachin Gupta | Find me on Twitter

Sumit Sharma had planned to buy his home from a reputed developer in the locality that he was satisfied with. The cost of home was rupees 75 Lacs. Sumit had arranged for the 20% payment (Rupees 15 Lacs) from his pocket. For rest of the payment, he approached the bank to avail home loan.

Before sanctioning Rupees 60 Lacs, bank asked Sumit for following documents:

  1. Salary slip/Form 16 A
  2. A copy of the first and last pages of the ration card or a copy of PAN/Telephone/Electricity bills as a proof of residence
  3. Details of investments (FD certificates, shares, any fixed asset, etc. or any other documents supporting the financial background of the borrower)
  4. A photocopy of LIC policies with the latest premium payment receipts (if any)
  5. Passport size photographs (as applicable)
  6. A copy of bank statement for the last six months
  7. Age proof
  8. Financial details of guarantor, wherever guaranty is required


Having produced the above documents, Sumit was confident that his loan application will be approved. However, to his surprise, bank rejected his loan application on account of low monthly salary.

As a thumb rule normally most of the banks/HFCs (Housing Finance Companies) have a provision that one should be left with at least 50% to 60% of income after repayment of monthly loan installment, to take care of the family expenditures.

Sumit’s monthly salary was Rupees 80,000. For which he was eligible to avail about 40 Lacs Rupees as loan amount from his bank.

Cost of home: 75 Lacs Rupees
Upfront money arranged by Sumit: 15 Lacs Rupees
Loan eligibility: 40 Lacs Rupees
Remaining amount: (75-15-40) = 20 Lacs Rupees

Now, how will Sumit arrange for the remaining 20 lacs rupees?

To this, Sumit’s bank manager suggested that he can make his spouse as joint applicant for the home loan. Sumit’s wife was employed for last 3 years. Her net monthly income was Rupees 60,000. By combining the monthly income of both Sumit and his wife, bank was willing to sanction the loan amount of Rupees 60 Lacs. Finally, Sumit was able to buy his dream home jointly with his wife.



So, what are the benefits of applying for home loan in joint name?


  1. As can be seen from Sumit’s case above, applying jointly for home loan increases the amount of loan that bank can sanction for people to buy home.
  2. Moreover, banks or HFCs feel comfortable to sanction the loan in joint name because of greater security for the lender in view of the option to take recourse to either of borrowers.
  3. Besides improving your loan eligibility and enabling you to get a larger amount of loan, co-borrowers are eligible for deductions under the Income Tax Act. Both the borrowers can claim deduction, to the extent of their share in the loan, under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act 1961 for repayment of loan, subject to the condition that they are joint owners as well.
  4. Section 24(b) grants deduction for interest up to Rs 150,000 per year on a loan for acquiring a residential house. This deduction is available individually to both the co-borrowers. To be eligible for the deduction, the home loan needs to be taken in joint names, property be owned and financed jointly in equal shares, with both spouses being joint owners.


All the co-borrowers or joint-borrowers are jointly and severally liable to repay the loan availed from the bank/HFC, subject of course to the terms and conditions stipulated in the loan agreement. Thus, before volunteering to become co-applicant in a loan transaction, it is advisable to properly understand the implications of such decision.



Have any Questions?

Monday, July 30, 2018

Detailed Guide: Finding and Moving to a New Home

Are you in your 20s or early 30s? And starting your master’s degree or settling in a new job or just got married, chances are, you have encountered this massive hunt. Yea hunt and we are talking about finding the right place to stay and live in a city of your choice. While real estate prices have boomed in major metros across India, and therefore, only option you are left with is to find a decent 1BHK or at most 2BHK apartment near your workplace or institute.

As easy as it may sound, the whole experience of settling in a new home is tedious to say the least. And when we talk about new home, what we mean is renting a home which is of right size, located close to your workplace and is in close proximity to commercial & institutional centers such as malls, hospitals, schools, etc.

So, what are the things one should pay attention to while looking to rent a home in a metro across India? How should I as a home seeker go about the whole experience? We list down the steps based on true experience.


  • Finding the right place
    • List down your ‘wants’ and ‘needs’
    • Search on Internet
  • Preparing to Move
    • Sign the Lease Agreement only after consultation
    • Hire a mover, it’s always worth it
    • Identify your unloading zone in advance
  • Packing Your Bags and Boxes
  • Setting Up
  • The D├ęcor


Or

One can subscribe to the below Guide “The Most Jugaadu 1 BHK Ever” by Voucher Cloud that has tips and tricks for the young population in India which can help them select/buy/transform their 1 BHK into an awesome crib. Hope you will find this useful.



Monday, July 23, 2018

The rise of India’s commercial real estate market

While talks about the residential real estate sector have got people gripped, commercial property is not far behind. Thankfully, good days have returned for office real estate property in India, with lots of domestic and foreign companies looking for space and many businesses in expansion mode. Bangalore being the prime location for office spaces, many companies are purchasing apartments in Bannerghatta road Bangalore and converting them into office spaces.

  • Change in government

One of the most stabilizing factors is last year’s general election and that was one of the reasons behind the upswing of the real estate. It brought with it new confidence in the country’s economic development. Though, the country witnessed uncertain times in the first quarter of 2014, and market morale was low, sentiment improved gradually following the elections. Apart from buying apartments in Bannerghatta road Bangalore, the city of Mumbai, for example, witnessed 65 per cent appreciation in average deal sizes between the second quarter of 2014 and the second quarter of 2015.

The growth of the real estate sector can also be attributed to expanding businesses, especially due to India’s emergence as an attractive offshore destination. The government’s decision to introduce incentives to attract foreign investors plays a role. Also, the availability of a large pool of highly skilled technicians and engineers, customer-friendly banks and housing finance companies, the country’s favorable demographics, and increasing purchasing power. Increasing professionalism among real estate brokers is also cited as an advantage.

  • The big three cities

Major shares in the profit are gained from tier 1 cities such as Bengaluru, Mumbai, and New Delhi. These cities are technological, commercial, and political hubs respectively. According to a survey, these cities even outperformed global commercial property market when it comes to annual rental yields. The Indian office market has been maintaining a healthy traction in 2014 and has clocked office space transactions of 18 million square feet in the first six months of 2015.

It is a record year for Bengaluru, which is expected to transact office space to the tune of about 12 million square feet in 2015. The three cities have also endured the largest individual transactions in the sector, with big corporations and expansive start-ups such as Flipkart and Snapdeal picking up a lot of office space. Some of them are purchasing apartments in Bannerghatta road Bangalore and expanding them to set up their offices. And with the growth in office activity, other commercial spaces follows suit, particularly retail, as well as hospitality due to increasing demand for lodging in the trade hubs from business travelers.

  • REITs on their way

The Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs) is expected to come up with a future boost. However, due to some legal barriers, the scope of taxation proceeds from such trusts remains unresolved. Foreign investors will be allowed to buy units. It will help reduce pressure and stress on the banking system to fund the real estate sector as REITs will enable the industry to propose fresh equity by attracting long-term finance from domestic and foreign investors. The Indian REIT sector is expected to give a further push to commercial real estate and is tipped to attract investments. So far, REITs worth a total of $20 billion in assets are mainly focusing on Grade A office space and parks, logistic space and warehouses, malls and shopping centers, hotels and other commercial space.

Today, the potential of the Indian real estate sector is enormous, but there needs to be a clear solution with regards to REIT taxation. Among other trends, there's been a steady growth of the commercial sector, which is favorable for organizations.







This is a guest post by Deepak Yewle

Saturday, July 14, 2018

How to calculate the true value of a commercial property which provide steady stream of rental income for the investor?

Author: Sachin Gupta | Find me on Twitter

In our blog post titled “How to calculate the true value of the property”; we primarily focused on valuation of a residential property. In this post, we will however, focus on valuation of commercial properties which provide steady stream of rental income for the investor. This valuation approach is based on the principle that the value of a property is related to its ability to produce cash flows. For this approach 3 techniques are commonly discussed.



  • Gross income multiplier:

Gross income multipliers are relationship between gross income and the sale prices for all comparable properties that are applied to the subject property.

Gross income multipliers (GM) = Sales Price/Gross Income

In arriving at a value for the subject property, the appraiser must develop an estimate of gross income based on the market data on comparable commercial properties. For the comparable properties the gross income should be annual income at the time the property is sold. Some appraisers use potential gross income (which assumes all space is occupied). Others use effective gross income (potential gross income less vacancies).  Since this method relies on gross income, therefore an assumption is made that the operating expenses are about the same proportion of gross income for all properties. This method relies heavily on current market transactions involving the sale of comparable properties. These techniques resemble the sales comparison method for valuation of a property discussed in the previous section in many ways. The focus of these techniques is to determine a market value that is consistent with prices being paid for comparable properties trading in the market place. However, rather than giving priority to adjusting for differences in value by adding and subtracting directly from the prices of comparable properties for physical and location attributes, these two methods tend to focus first on the income producing aspect of comparable properties relative to the prices at which they were sold. Adjustments are then made for physical and location dissimilarities.


  • Capitalization rate

This technique is similar to the Gross income technique except that it considers net operating income (NOI) rather than the gross income of comparable properties. When it is suspected that differences in operating expenses exist between comparable, the focus of the analysis should be shifted from gross income to NOI.

Capitalization Rate (cap rate) R = NOI/Sales Price

Following data should be collected to calculate capitalization rate:

Sale price, rent, and operating expenses should be collected from brokers, agents who were involved in the sale of comparable properties.

Important warning: both Gross income multipliers and cap rate approaches does not assure that the property will be a good investment if purchased. They only assure the buyer that it is a competitive market price and that if the method is applied correctly, the buyer is not overpaying or underpaying for the property relative to what other investors have paid for similar properties. The question of whether or not it is a good investment will depend on the future growth in rents, income, and property values.

  • Discounted present value techniques
This income approach is based on the principle that investors will pay no more for a property than the present value of all future NOIs. Based on the knowledge of market supply and demand, lease terms, as well as income and expenses, a forecast for cash flow is developed for a period for which we have knowledge regarding supply and demand, lease terms, income, and expenses. Normal forecasting period are 10 years.

  1. The first step in this technique is to forecast NOI (based on market supply and demand, lease terms, and expenses)
  2. The second step is to select a relevant period of analysis or the holding period for the investment.
  3. The third step is the selection of a discount rate (r) – this discount rate is the desired return for the real estate investment based on its risk when compared with returns earned on competing investments and other capital market benchmarks.
  4. Present value of expected NOI beyond the holding period. These cash flows are represented with reversion value (REV) or resale price.

Presently, capitalization rate method is used in India when evaluating the worth of the income generating properties. The discounted present value method relies on assumptions about demand and supply and therefore, there are possibilities of arriving at the wrong value of the property. 

Now, whenever you as an investor are looking to sell your commercial property such as office space or retail outlet, do your calculations as explained by us and make sure you get the right value of your property. Alternatively, if as an investor, you are looking to buy a commercial property, make sure to do these calculations in order to ascertain that you are not overpaying.


In a nutshell:

Did you calculate the true worth of your property before selling?? Let us know at nirrtigo@nirrtigo.com






Have any Questions?

Monday, July 2, 2018

Can development of Secondary Mortgage Market help fix the housing shortage in India?

Author: Sachin Gupta | Find me on Twitter

As has been documented on numerous occasions about the shortage of housing in India, till 2012 (as per the census results) the housing shortage in urban areas stood at 18.78 million units**. About 99% of this housing shortage pertains to the economically weaker section (EWS) and low income group (LIG) categories. That’s a whopping number and constructing those many housing units for growing urban population will take enormous effort on the part of government, private businesses, and finance ministry.

Providing low cost housing finance to plug the housing shortage is seen as the key ingredient. However, most banks use traditional products such as using funds from deposits to finance long term housing loans. Therefore, to provide housing on a scale as large as in India, the concept of secondary mortgage market may well soon be adopted in India. In this article, we will briefly talk about the secondary mortgage market and why it is difficult to implement in India.

What is a Secondary Mortgage Market:

The secondary mortgage market is active in developed economies such as USA, Europe, Japan, Australia, etc. The primary function of this market is to provide a mechanism for refilling funds used by mortgage originators (Banks, Housing Finance Companies, etc.). This, in turn, enables them to maintain a flow of new mortgage origination during periods of rising and falling interest rates. They may accomplish this by selling mortgages directly to government agencies or private entities. Or they may form mortgage pools and issue various securities, thereby attracting funds from investors who may not otherwise make investments directly in mortgage loans. Hence, much like any corporation raising funds for doing business, the primary goal of mortgage originators in today’s market is to replenish funds by reaching broader investor markets.

In addition to direct sales of mortgages from originators to investors, many large mortgage originators found that they could place mortgages in pools and sell securities of various types, with mortgages in these pools serving as collateral. With the assistance and expertise of investment bankers, large mortgage originators can then issue securities in small denominations which would be purchased by many more investors. Firms with smaller mortgage origination volumes could continue to sell mortgages directly to government agencies, which in turn would create large pools of their own and issue securities.

Many types of mortgage related securities have been developed in recent years. The number and types of securities are continuing to increase as mortgage originators, investment bankers, and government agencies continue to innovate and reach investor markets that provide the ultimate sources for many of the funds used in new mortgage origination. Major types of mortgage backed securities are:

  1. Mortgage backed bonds (MBBs)
  2. Mortgage pass through securities (MPTs)
  3. Mortgage pay through bonds (MPTBs)
  4. Collateralized mortgage obligations (CMOs)


Why it is difficult to implement in India?

RBI recently came out with a report listing down the reasons for non-implementation of secondary mortgage market in India:

  1. Low Investor Base
  2. Cultural factors
  3. Poor capital market infrastructure
  4. Regulatory environment
  5. Legal hurdles
  6. Lack of proper accounting standards
  7. Taxation
  8. Poor quality of assets
  9. System deficiencies
  10. Lack of standardization


Road Ahead:
It is clearly evident from the discussion above that development of secondary mortgage market in India is inevitable given the scale of housing stock that needs to be provided. And sooner, we as a country fix some of the issues facing secondary mortgage market; the better it is for growing urban population and economic growth of the country. In 2011-12, the housing loan disbursed to individuals stood at Rs. 68221.12** Crores. With secondary mortgage market in place, this disbursed loan amount can achieve the global levels. And at the same time, provide a mechanism for transparent debt markets.

** Source: National Housing Bank



Have any Questions?

Wednesday, June 27, 2018

Can I afford to buy a home given my current income levels? How do I calculate Home Affordability?

Author: Sachin Gupta | Find me on Twitter
 
This piece of blog is meant to illustrate if the home you are buying is affordable or not, given your current income levels.

For many of us working in IT/ITES; Auto; Manufacturing; other services sector, buying a home is a long-term financial commitment. On one hand, we have the aspirations of owning a home while on other hand we have the obligation to fulfill that aspiration. This is where a quick home affordability analysis would help us a great deal given our current financial situation.

Step 1:
Assess your current household income (include your spouse salary to it)
Household Income = your current take home salary + your spouse take home salary + other sources of income

Step 2:
According to global standards, one should allot maximum of 40- 50% of household income for home loan EMIs.
As an example, if your net household income is 1 Lac rupees, allot maximum of 50000 rupees for paying EMIs.

Step 3:
Most banks offer floating home loan rates, Therefore, we will only consider floating home loan rates here.
Analyze current home loan rates (It would help if you have the data for last 5 year home loan rates, because interest rates tend to move up & down in cycles)
As an example, let’s assume home loan rates are @ 10.5% and tenure of the loan is 240 months.


Step 4:
Calculate the home affordability ratio which is
Value of home /your net household yearly income
In this example, the net household income=1200000
Value of home=6260142
HAR (Home Affordability Ratio) = 6260142/1200000, that comes out to be 5.21.

As a thumb of rule, the home affordability ratio should fall between 4.9 and 5.4 for the home to be considered affordable.

Therefore, before proceeding to buy your home, doing simple maths would go a long way in assessing the value of home that you can afford.



Have any Questions?
 

Wednesday, June 20, 2018

Things to consider while buying a Property

So, finally decided to make a big move or still contemplating whether to take a step forward or not? There are so many things you think about when you want to make the big move of buying your own house. Be it buying a 2-bedroom, duplex, penthouse or a bungalow, its always a big decision.

Every buyer goes through series of questions and to find answers, they have to look at multiple websites, blogs and do a lot of research. There is never a single document which talks about all the facets of buying a property. So today, I’m going to try put all the steps required based on my experiences.

I have been lucky enough to have a chance to experience buying multiple properties, as an investment as well as buying a house to stay in. So, to help save the frustration first time buyers go through, I’m going to try to jot down all the points a buyer might think of before making the big decision.



Before any other questions arise, the most important thing to remember is the reason to buy a property. What are the motivation factors to buy a property?
  • House to stay in
  • Investment
  • Probably both
Let’s try drilling down for all of those options.

If you are buying as an investment,
  • How much are you willing to invest
  • Are you taking any loans?
  • what kind of returns are you expecting?
  • how long can you stay invested to get your returns?
  • can you afford to book a loss?
  • What’s your primary investment goal? Capital appreciation or rental yield? If both of them which one is more important 
Buying a house to stay in,
  • How long do you plan to stay there?
  • How is your job, source of income, do you see a steady cash flow for at least few years?
  • Changes that might happen in future (marriage, have kids, dependent parents moving in with you, in an unfortunate case death of loved one, divorce)
Both (first investment and then some day you plan to stay there or vice versa),
  • In addition to above points
  • Where are you staying right now, with parents, siblings, in a rental home, in company paid accommodation as you are in a transferable job?
  • Define your tentative time line for each activity
Ok, so now you have already decided why to buy and have already answered the above questions, next question will be as to what kind of property – under construction or second sale.

Each have their own pros and cons and everyone person has to weight what is more important for them. An under construction property will be a brand new house and you can get the interiors done as you like without having to demolish anything. But that mean after you pay your initial amount, there can be a long wait. You will start paying your EMI much in advance to actually staying in the house. Some people are ok to do so if they already have a house to stay in or live with your parents or siblings. But if you are renting out your current place, then it can get very expensive as you will be paying rent as well as EMI.

On the flip side, a second sale house might be difficult to find as you will want to find a house which is done to your liking. Its not impossible but it does take a lot of time and effort. When I bought my house, I couldn’t afford paying a rent and EMI, so I decided to buy a second sale property. It did take me 5-6 months to find a house but when I did, it was perfect. I could move in immediately once the paperwork was done.

Be it a first time buyer or a savvy buyer, every buyer has to go through different stages in their buyer’s journey.  Let’s dive a little deeper to understand what to expect at every stage.

Initial iterative stage:

  • At this stage you are really not sure what kind of property you really want and how much money would you need for it
  • You spend at least 60-70 % of the property hunting time in this stage.
    • Money Matters: You don’t have an exact idea how much this property is going to cost and can you manage that money? Note: You will need at least 20-25 % of the property value in cash
    • Selecting a Size/Type/Design: Deciding between 2 bedroom or 3 bedrooms, penthouse or duplex
    • Selecting a Locality:Ask these questions to yourself. How well do you know the locality? How know it well? Is it convenient?Proximity to your lifestyle needs (night life, malls, nature parks, medical facilities, grocery stores)
    • Selecting a Project: Are you fascinated by a particular condo or a complex? Have you got a particular size you are looking for,what are the amenities required?
    • Selecting a Unit: what view are you comfortable with? Garden, swimming pool, parking lots, another building,etc., any religious spiritual things involved.Does it need to be east / north facing, fengshui, vastu shastra, condition of the unit. Amount of repair work
You will go through this stage multiple times until you have found the right property. This iterative stage stops only when you have identified the property. But remember to use a top down approach – identify budget, then size type, the locality, the project and finally unit.

After this comes the closing stage.

  • You have identified the property, more or less comfortable with money matter and actively reaching final agreement with the seller
  • Before you start negotiating, make sure you have done a thorough research on the market price. Also, check what price the other units were sold at. This will help you get a fair understanding of what the seller might be expecting.
  • If the house you are buying is for investment, then also find out the rent the house would fetch. Check if the rent can pay off the EMI or you need to top up.
  • With this, also make sure you find out the maintenance fees and sinking fund if any.

 

Lastly, with all the above done, doing the paper work:

  • Token amount
  • Black/White part of the deal
  • Registration
  • Final settlement
  • Possession
This can be a little tricky as there is a lot of paperwork to do, lot of legal matters to take care of. It is advisable to get professional help if you are buying a property for the first time. Without prior knowledge of real estate, buyers get bogged down and don’t really know if they are doing the right thing. So to be stress free and to make sure that all the paper work is correct before moving into the new house, get yourself a property advisor who will not only help you find property, negotiate but also help with get the right paper work done for your dream house.

Depending on where and how you are buying, these points might defer. But the overall stages will remain the same in every buyer’s life.Hope this article help you make the right choices and happy shopping!


This is a blog post by Karishma Patel